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Structural Design: A Practical Guide for Architects 2nd Edition PDF – eBook

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  • Authors: by James R. Underwood, Michele Chiuini (Author)
  • File Size: 479 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 816 pages
  • Publisher: Wiley; 2nd edition (June 22, 2007)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0471789046
  • ISBN-13: 978-0471789048

Download Structural Design: A Practical Guide for Architects 2nd Edition PDF – eBook

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  • Authors: by James R. Underwood, Michele Chiuini (Author)
  • File Size: 479 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 816 pages
  • Publisher: Wiley; 2nd edition (June 22, 2007)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0471789046
  • ISBN-13: 978-0471789048

Download Structural Design: A Practical Guide for Architects 2nd Edition PDF – eBook

Contents
In the Beginning: The Premise xvii
CHAPTER 1 Introduction: Understanding Loads 1
1.1 LOADS 1
1.1.1 How Are Loads Determined? 3
1.1.2 Gravity Loads 3
1.2 TRIBUTARY AREAS 3
1.3 LATERAL LOADS—WIND AND EARTHQUAKES 9
1.3.1 Structural Systems for Lateral Loads 10
1.4 LATERAL LOADS: WIND 12
1.4.1 Wind Design Criteria 13
1.5 LATERAL LOADS: EARTHQUAKE 24
1.5.1 Earthquake-Resistant Construction 25
1.5.2 Earthquake Design—Equivalent Lateral Force
Procedure 30
1.5.3 Base Shear Force Distribution 37
1.6 LOADING CONDITIONS 37
CHAPTER 2 Load and Resistance Factor Design 49
2.1 LOAD COMBINATIONS 49
2.2 RESISTANCE FACTORS 50
2.3 WORKING STRESSES VERSUS LRFD DESIGN 51
2.4 ELASTIC SECTION MODULUS AND PLASTIC
SECTION MODULUS 52
2.5 SHAPE FACTOR 54
PART ONE: STEEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
CHAPTER 3 Materials and Properties 59
3.1 STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF STEEL 59
3.2 ALLOWABLE STRESS 60
3.3 YIELD STRESS 61

3.4 STANDARD SHAPES 61
3.5 FIRE CONSIDERATIONS 63
3.6 SURFACE FINISHES 64
CHAPTER 4 Structural Elements and Systems 67
4.1 MEMBER TYPES 67
4.1.1 Beams 67
4.1.2 Columns 67
4.1.3 Tension Members 67
4.1.4 Bending Compression or Tension 68
4.2 SYSTEM SELECTION 68
4.2.1 Spatial Requirements 68
4.3 LOW-RISE FRAME SYSTEMS 69
4.3.1 Material Utilized and Its Relative Cost as a System 69
4.3.2 Fabrication of Members 69
4.3.3 Erection of the System 69
4.3.4 Miscellaneous Considerations 70
4.4 MEDIUM- AND HIGH-RISE SYSTEMS 72
4.5 ARCHITECTURAL CONSIDERATIONS 75
SECTION 1
Steel Bending Systems 77
CHAPTER 5 Pre-engineered Systems 79
5.1 OPEN-WEB STEEL JOIST 79
5.1.1 Bridging 90
5.2 STEEL DECKS 91
CHAPTER 6 Steel Beams 115
6.1 BEAM THEORY 115
6.2 BEAMS IN STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS 116
6.2.1 LRFD Beam Design 121
CHAPTER 7 Lateral Stability of Beams 133
7.1 CONDITIONS OF STABILITY 133
CHAPTER 8 Supports 147
8.1 BEARING PLATES FOR BEAMS AND COLUMNS 147
8.2 DESIGN OF BEARING PLATES 149
8.3 COLUMN BASE PLATES 155
8.4 DESIGN OF COLUMN BASE PLATES 156
CHAPTER 9 Web Yielding and Crippling 165
9.1 LOCALIZED FAILURE OF COMPONENTS 165
CHAPTER 10 Built-Up Beams 179
10.1 BUILT-UP SECTIONS 179
10.2 CONNECTION AND LENGTH OF COVER PLATES 184
10.3 HOLES IN THE WEB AND IN THE FLANGES 186
SECTION 2
Steel Axially Loaded Systems 201
CHAPTER 11 Columns 203
11.1 COLUMN THEORY 203
11.2 BUILT-UP COLUMNS 207
11.2.1 Design 209
11.3 COLUMNS WITH UNEQUAL UNBRACED LENGTHS 214
CHAPTER 12 Tension Members 237
12.1 TYPES OF TENSION MEMBERS 237
12.2 BASIC DESIGN 239
12.3 CONNECTION OF TENSION MEMBERS 240
12.4 SUSPENSION STRUCTURES 242
SECTION 3
Steel Combined Systems 253
CHAPTER 13 Combined Axial Loading and Bending 255
13.1 BASIC CONSIDERATIONS AND PROCEDURE 255
13.2 SLOPING BEAMS 260
CHAPTER 14 Trusses 271
14.1 GENERAL COMMENTS 271
14.2 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS 274
14.3 TRUSS ANALYSIS 276
SECTION 4
Steel Connections 287
CHAPTER 15 Bolted Connections 289
15.1 ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES 289
15.2 TYPES OF BOLTED CONNECTIONS 289
15.3 BOLTS 291
15.4 DESIGN OF CONNECTIONS 292

CHAPTER 16 Welded Connections 307
16.1 WELDING AND TYPES OF WELDED JOINTS 307
16.2 STRESSES IN WELDS 309
16.3 MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM WELD
CONSIDERATIONS 309
16.4 FRAMED BEAM CONNECTIONS 311
PART TWO: WOOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
CHAPTER 17 Materials and Properties 327
17.1 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES 327
17.2 DENSITY AND WEIGHT OF WOOD 328
17.3 PROTECTION FROM DECAY AND FIRE 329
17.4 DESIGN VALUES 331
17.5 SIZE CLASSIFICATIONS 331
17.6 ADJUSTMENT FACTORS 332
17.7 ENGINEERED WOOD PRODUCTS 334
CHAPTER 18 Wood Structures in Architecture 339
18.1 CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECTURAL
PHILOSOPHIES 339
18.2 THE ARCHITECT’S RESPONSIBILITY IN STRUCTURAL
WOOD DESIGN 340
18.3 SELECTION AND CONFIGURATION OF
WOOD SYSTEMS 341
18.4 FRAMING SYSTEMS 343
18.4.1 Traditional Light Framing 343
18.4.2 Post-and-Beam Systems 344
18.5 LONG-SPAN SYSTEMS 348
18.5.1 Axial Load and Bending in Roof Systems 348
18.5.2 Frames and Arches 348
18.6 BRACING 349
18.6.1 Diaphragms and Shear Walls 349
18.6.2 Diagonal Bracing 359
18.6.3 Diagonal or Cross-bracing 349
18.6.4 Rigid-Frame System 350
SECTION 1
Wood Bending Systems 351
CHAPTER 19 Bending Members: Floor and Roof Systems 353
19.1 FLOOR FRAMING 353
19.2 JOIST DESIGN 356

19.3 ADJUSTMENT FACTORS 356
19.4 ENGINEERED JOISTS 361
19.4.1 I Joists 361
19.4.2 Trussed Joists 363
19.4.3 Structural Composite Lumber 364
19.5 SUBFLOORS 364
19.6 FIRE PROTECTION AND SOUND INSULATION 365
19.7 ROOF CONSTRUCTION 366
19.8 BEARING AND STRESS CONCENTRATION 367
19.9 NOTCHED BENDING MEMBERS 369
CHAPTER 20 Sheathing and Diaphragm Design 381
20.1 DIAPHRAGM CONSTRUCTION 381
20.2 SHEAR WALLS 383
20.3 COMPOSITE BENDING MEMBERS 384
20.4 PLYWOOD STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES 385
20.5 BOX BEAM DESIGN 385
CHAPTER 21 Timber and Laminated Timber Beams 405
21.1 TIMBER BEAMS 405
21.2 BUILT-UP BEAMS 406
21.3 LAMINATED TIMBER BEAMS 407
21.4 DESIGN OF LAMINATED TIMBER BEAMS 408
21.5 TYPES OF STRUCTURES USING GLULAM 409
SECTION 2
Wood Axially Loaded Members 441
CHAPTER 22 Compression and Tension Members 443
22.1 TYPES OF COMPRESSION AND TENSION MEMBERS 443
22.2 DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR SOLID COLUMNS 444
22.3 BUILT-UP AND SPACED COLUMN DESIGN 449
22.4 TENSION MEMBERS 452
22.5 AXIAL COMPRESSION AND BENDING 452
22.6 AXIAL TENSION AND BENDING 454
SECTION 3
Wood Combined Systems 473
CHAPTER 23 Timber Truss Design 475
23.1 TRUSS TYPES 475
23.2 DEFLECTION AND CAMBER 478

23.3 GENERAL DESIGN PROCEDURE 478
23.3.1 Preliminary Design 478
23.3.2 Final Design 478
CHAPTER 24 Arches, Vaults, and Domes 489
24.1 TWO- AND THREE-HINGED ARCHES 489
24.2 PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF LAMINATED
TIMBER ARCHES 489
24.3 CONSTRUCTION OF TIMBER ARCHES 497
24.4 DOMES AND VAULTED ROOFS 499
SECTION 4
Wood Connections 503
CHAPTER 25 Connections 505
25.1 CONNECTING WOOD MEMBERS 505
25.2 NAILS AND SPIKES 507
25.2.1 Adjustment Factors and Design Values 507
25.3 ADHESIVES 509
25.3.1 Synthetic Thermoset 509
25.3.2 Synthetic Thermoplastic 510
25.4 GLUE LINE STRESSES: ROLLING SHEAR 510
25.5 BOLTS 514
25.6 LAG SCREWS 517
25.7 WOOD SCREWS 517
25.8 SPLIT RING AND SHEAR PLATE CONNECTORS 517
25.9 DESIGN OF SHEAR PLATE AND SPLIT
RING CONNECTIONS 518
SECTION 5
Wood Special Systems 533
CHAPTER 26 Permanent Wood Foundations 535
26.1 TYPES OF WOOD FOUNDATIONS 535
26.2 PERMANENT WOOD FOUNDATION 535
26.3 DESIGN OF FOOTING FOUNDATIONS 537
26.4 BASEMENT WALLS 539
PART THREE: REINFORCED CONCRETE (R/C) . . . 547
CHAPTER 27 Materials and Properties 549
27.1 STRUCTURAL CONCRETE MATERIALS 549
27.1.1 Cement 549
x CONTENTS
27.1.2 Water 549
27.1.3 Aggregate 549
27.1.4 Admixtures 550
27.2 STRUCTURAL CONCRETE PROPERTIES 551
27.2.1 Workability 551
27.2.2 Weight 551
27.2.3 Strength 551
27.2.4 Creep 552
27.2.5 Fire Resistance 552
27.2.6 Shrinkage 552
27.2.7 Hardness 553
27.2.8 Porosity 553
27.2.9 Durability 553
27.3 REINFORCING STEEL 553
27.3.1 Tensile Strength for Bending Members 553
27.3.2 Resistance to Shrinkage Stresses 554
27.3.3 Ductility (Mode of Failure) 554
27.4 FIBER-REINFORCED CONCRETE 554
27.5 PLACEMENT OF CONCRETE 556
27.5.1 Vibrating 556
27.5.2 Screeding 557
27.5.3 Floating 557
27.5.4 Darbying 557
27.5.5 Troweling 557
27.5.6 Curing 557
27.5.7 Finishing 557
CHAPTER 28 Reinforced Concrete in Architecture 561
28.1 STRUCTURAL FORMS 561
28.2 STRUCTURAL DESIGN ISSUES 564
28.3 SYSTEM SELECTION 567
SECTION 1
R/C Bending Members 571
CHAPTER 29 Beam Strength Theory 573
29.1 STRESS AND STRAIN IN FLEXURE MEMBERS 573
29.2 BEAM DESIGN FORMULA 576
CHAPTER 30 Beam Design 579
30.1 DESIGN FOR BENDING MOMENT 579
30.1.1 R/C Beam Design Procedure 579
30.2 DEVELOPMENT OF REINFORCEMENT 583

CHAPTER 31 Shear in Beams 593
31.1 SHEAR STRENGTH OF CONCRETE 593
31.2 DESIGN OF SHEAR REINFORCEMENT 593
CHAPTER 32 Slabs 611
32.1 FLAT SPANNING SYSTEMS 611
32.1.1 One-Way Spanning 611
32.1.2 Two-Way Spanning 611
32.1.3 Slabs Without Beams 612
32.2 FLAT SLAB DESIGN 614
32.3 SLAB ON GRADE 617
32.4 COMPOSITE SECTIONS 617
CHAPTER 33 Deflection 621
33.1 CREEP AND DEFLECTION 621
33.2 DEFLECTION COMPUTATIONS 622
CHAPTER 34 Footings 627
34.1 FOUNDATION DESIGN CRITERIA 627
34.2 FOOTINGS 629
34.3 DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR FOOTINGS 631
34.4 PERIPHERAL SHEAR 633
34.5 RECTANGULAR FOOTINGS 638
34.6 SIMPLE WALL FOOTINGS 648
SECTION 2
R/C Axially Loaded Members 655
CHAPTER 35 Columns 657
35.1 CONSTRUCTION OF R/C COLUMNS 657
35.2 DESIGN METHOD 659
CHAPTER 36 Walls 675
36.1 CONCRETE WALL TYPES 675
36.2 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR VERTICAL LOADS 675
36.2.1 Loads and Stability 676
36.2.2 Bearing Strength 677
36.2.3 Minimum Reinforcement 677
36.2.4 Placement of Bars 677

36.3 WALLS DESIGNED AS COMPRESSION MEMBERS 678
36.4 HORIZONTAL FORCES ON WALLS BELOW GRADE 679
36.5 RETAINING WALLS 682
36.5.1 Backfill and Drainage 683
36.6 SHEAR WALLS 683
SECTION 3
R/C Connections 695
CHAPTER 37 Connections 697
37.1 CONNECTIONS OF FOOTINGS AND
VERTICAL STRUCTURE 697
37.2 ANCHORS 699
37.3 BEARING PRESSURES 701
37.4 CONCRETE SUPPORTS 702
SECTION 4
R/C Special Systems 707
CHAPTER 38 Prestressed and Precast Concrete 709
38.1 PRESTRESSED CONCRETE 709
38.2 CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES 711
38.2.1 Prestressed Concrete 711
38.2.2 Posttensioned Concrete 712
38.3 PRECAST CONCRETE SHAPES 713
PART FOUR: MASONRY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715
CHAPTER 39 Materials and Properties 717
39.1 MASONRY UNITS 717
39.2 MORTAR AND GROUT 719
39.3 MORTAR STRENGTH 720
39.4 CONSTRUCTION 721
39.4.1 Joints 721
39.4.2 Grout 721
39.5 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS 722
39.5.1 Solid Walls 723
39.5.2 Cavity Walls 723
39.6 EXPANSION/CONTROL JOINTS AND REINFORCING 724
39.6.1 Anchorage 724
39.7 FLASHING 725

CHAPTER 40 Structural Systems 727
40.1 MASONRY CONSTRUCTION 727
40.2 SYSTEM SELECTION 729
40.3 MASONRY SYSTEMS 731
SECTION 1
Masonry Axially Loaded Members 733
CHAPTER 41 Empirical Design of Walls 735
41.1 LIMITATIONS OF EMPIRICAL DESIGN 735
41.2 WORKING STRESS 735
41.3 LATERAL STABILITY AND SHEAR WALLS 736
41.4 UNSUPPORTED HEIGHT OR LENGTH 738
41.5 WALL THICKNESS 738
CHAPTER 42 Allowable Stress Method 743
42.1 UNREINFORCED MASONRY 743
42.2 BEARING AND CONCENTRATED LOADS 743
42.3 DESIGN OF SHEAR WALLS 744
42.3.1 Unreinforced Shear Walls 745
42.3.2 Reinforced Shear Walls 747
42.4 REINFORCED WALLS 748
42.5 COLUMN AND PILASTER CONSTRUCTION 748
42.6 COLUMN DESIGN 749
Appendix A Commonly Used Tables and Constants 761
Appendix B Conversion Factors from U.S. Customary Units to
SI Metric Units 777
Bibliography 781
References 783
Illustration and Table Credits 785
Index 789

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