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Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach 8th Edition PDF – eBook

SKU: 0803658672

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    • Authors: Barbara A. Gylys MEd CMA-A (AAMA), Mary Ellen Wedding MEd MT(ASCP) CMA (AAMA) (Author)
    • File Size: 141 MB
    • Format: PDF
    • Paperback: 745 pages
    • Publisher: F.A. Davis Company; Eighth edition (April 26, 2017)
    • Language: English
    • ISBN-10: 0803658672
    • ISBN-13: 978-0803658677

Download Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach 8th Edition PDF – eBook

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Description

    • Authors: Barbara A. Gylys MEd CMA-A (AAMA), Mary Ellen Wedding MEd MT(ASCP) CMA (AAMA) (Author)
    • File Size: 141 MB
    • Format: PDF
    • Paperback: 745 pages
    • Publisher: F.A. Davis Company; Eighth edition (April 26, 2017)
    • Language: English
    • ISBN-10: 0803658672
    • ISBN-13: 978-0803658677

Download Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach 8th Edition PDF – eBook

Contents
CHAPTER 1 Basic Elements of a Medical Word 1
Chapter Outline 1
Objectives 1
Medical Word Elements 2
Word Roots 2
Combining Forms 3
Suffixes 3
Prefixes 4
Basic Guidelines 5
Defining Medical Words 5
Building Medical Words 6
Pronunciation Guidelines 6
Medical Word Building Summary 7
Learning Activities 8
CHAPTER 2 Suffixes 15
Chapter Outline 15
Objectives 15
Suffix Linking 16
Suffix Types 17
Surgical, Diagnostic, Pathological, and Related Suffixes 17
Grammatical Suffixes 22
Plural Suffixes 23
Learning Activities 24
CHAPTER 3 Prefixes 31
Chapter Outline 31
Objectives 31
Prefix Linking 32
Prefix Types 32
Prefixes of Position, Number, Measurement,
and Direction 32
Other Common Prefixes 36
Learning Activities 40
CHAPTER 4 Body Structure 43
Chapter Outline 43
Objectives 43
Introduction 44
Body Structure Key Terms 44
Levels of Organization 44
Cells 46
Cell Membrane and Cytoplasm 46
Nucleus 46
Tissues 46
Organs 46
Systems 46
Organism 47
xvii

Anatomical Position 47
Body Planes 47
Directional Terms 48
Body Cavities 49
Dorsal Cavity 49
Ventral Cavity 49
Abdominopelvic Quadrants and Regions 50
Quadrants 50
Regions 51
Anatomy Review: Body Planes 52
Anatomy Review: Quadrants and Regions 53
Spine 54
Medical Word Elements 54
Disease Focus 57
Diseases and Conditions 59
Diagnostic and Surgical Procedures 61
Abbreviations 65
Learning Activities 66
Documenting Health-Care 72
Documenting Health-Care Activities 73
CHAPTER 5 Integumentary System 81
Chapter Outline 81
Objectives 81
Anatomy and Physiology 82
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 82
Skin 82
Epidermis 82
Dermis 83
Accessory Organs of the Skin 84
Glands 84
Hair 84
Nails 84
Anatomy Review: Integumentary System 86
Connecting Body Systems—Integumentary System 87
Medical Word Elements 88
Disease Focus 91
Skin Lesions 91
Burns 93
Oncology 94
Grading and Staging Cancer 95
Basal Cell Carcinoma 95
Squamous Cell Carcinoma 97
Malignant Melanoma 97
Diseases and Conditions 98
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 104
Pharmacology 107
Abbreviations 110
Learning Activities 111
Documenting Health-Care Activities 117
CHAPTER 6 Digestive System 127
Chapter Outline 127
Objectives 127
xviii Contents

Anatomy and Physiology 128
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 128
Mouth 128
Teeth 130
Tongue 130
Hard and Soft Palates 130
Pharynx, Esophagus, and Stomach 130
Small Intestine 131
Large Intestine 132
Accessory Organs of Digestion 133
Liver 133
Pancreas 134
Gallbladder 134
Anatomy Review: Digestive System 135
Anatomy Review: Accessory Organs of Digestion 136
Connecting Body Systems—Digestive System 137
Medical Word Elements 138
Disease Focus 142
Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) 142
Hernia 143
Hepatitis 144
Diverticulosis 145
Oncology 145
Diseases and Conditions 147
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 151
Pharmacology 159
Abbreviations 160
Learning Activities 162
Documenting Health-Care Activities 168
CHAPTER 7 Respiratory System 179
Chapter Outline 179
Objectives 179
Anatomy and Physiology 180
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 180
Upper Respiratory Tract 180
Lower Respiratory Tract 182
Pulmonary Respiration 183
Anatomy Review: Respiratory System 184
Connecting Body Systems—Respiratory System 185
Medical Word Elements 186
Disease Focus 190
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 190
Asthma 190
Chronic Bronchitis 191
Emphysema 191
Pneumonia 192
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome 192
Oncology 192
Diseases and Conditions 193
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 198
Pharmacology 205
Abbreviations 207
Learning Activities 208
Documenting Health-Care Activities 212
Contents xix

CHAPTER 8 Cardiovascular System 221
Chapter Outline 221
Objectives 221
Anatomy and Physiology 222
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 222
Vascular System 222
Arteries 222
Capillaries 223
Veins 224
Heart 224
Conduction System of the Heart 226
Blood Pressure 228
Anatomy Review: Cardiovascular System 229
Connecting Body Systems—Cardiovascular System 230
Medical Word Elements 231
Disease Focus 234
Arteriosclerosis 234
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) 235
Endocarditis 236
Varicose Veins 236
Oncology 237
Diseases and Conditions 238
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 242
Pharmacology 250
Abbreviations 252
Learning Activities 254
Documenting Health-Care Activities 258
CHAPTER 9 Blood, Lymphatic, and Immune Systems 267
Chapter Outline 267
Objectives 267
Anatomy and Physiology 268
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 268
Blood 269
Red Blood Cells 269
White Blood Cells 270
Platelets 272
Plasma 272
Blood Types 272
Lymphatic System 273
Immune System 275
Innate Immunity 275
Acquired Immunity 275
Anatomy Review: Lymphatic System 277
Connecting Body Systems—Blood, Lymphatic, and Immune
Systems 278
Medical Word Elements 279
Disease Focus 282
Anemias 282
Allergy 283
Autoimmune Disease 284
Oncology 284
Leukemia 284
xx Contents

Diseases and Conditions 285
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 289
Pharmacology 291
Abbreviations 293
Learning Activities 294
Documenting Health-Care Activities 298
CHAPTER 10 Musculoskeletal System 305
Chapter Outline 305
Objectives 305
Anatomy and Physiology 306
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 306
Muscles 306
Anatomy Review: Muscular System 310
Bones 311
Bone Types 311
Surface Features of Bones 313
Divisions of the Skeletal System 314
Axial Skeleton 314
Appendicular Skeleton 318
Anatomy Review: Long Bone 320
Anatomy Review: Skeletal System 321
Connecting Body Systems—Musculoskeletal System 322
Medical Word Elements 323
Disease Focus 328
Fractures 329
Arthritis 329
Muscular Dystrophy 330
Oncology 331
Diseases and Conditions 332
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 337
Pharmacology 340
Abbreviations 342
Learning Activities 343
Documenting Health-Care Activities 348
CHAPTER 11 Urinary System 357
Chapter Outline 357
Objectives 357
Anatomy and Physiology 358
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 358
Macroscopic Structures 358
Microscopic Structures 360
Anatomy Review: Urinary Structures 362
Anatomy Review: Nephron 363
Connecting Body Systems—Urinary System 364
Medical Word Elements 365
Disease Focus 367
Glomerulonephritis 367
Nephrolithiasis 367
Acute Tubular Necrosis 369
Oncology 369
Diseases and Conditions 369
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 373
Contents xxi

Pharmacology 380
Abbreviations 381
Learning Activities 382
Documenting Health-Care Activities 387
CHAPTER 12 Female Reproductive System 395
Chapter Outline 395
Objectives 395
Anatomy and Physiology 396
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 396
Female Reproductive Structures 396
Female Reproductive Organs 396
Menstrual Cycle 400
Pregnancy 400
Labor and Childbirth 401
Menopause 401
Anatomy Review: Female Reproductive Structures (Lateral
View) 403
Anatomy Review: Female Reproductive Structures (Anterior
View) 404
Connecting Body Systems—Female Reproductive
System 405
Medical Word Elements 406
Disease Focus 409
Endometriosis 409
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 409
Oncology 410
Breast Cancer 410
Cervical Cancer 410
Diseases and Conditions 410
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 413
Pharmacology 421
Abbreviations 423
Learning Activities 424
Documenting Health-Care Activities 429
CHAPTER 13 Male Reproductive System 439
Chapter Outline 439
Objectives 439
Anatomy and Physiology 440
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 440
Male Reproductive Structures 440
Anatomy Review: Male Reproductive System 442
Connecting Body Systems—Male Reproductive
System 443
Medical Word Elements 444
Disease Focus 446
Sexually Transmitted Infections 446
Gonorrhea 446
Chlamydia 447
Syphilis 447
Genital Herpes 447
xxii Contents

Genital Warts 447
Trichomoniasis 448
Oncology 448
Diseases and Conditions 449
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 452
Pharmacology 458
Abbreviations 459
Learning Activities 460
Documenting Health-Care Activities 464
CHAPTER 14 Endocrine System 475
Chapter Outline 475
Objectives 475
Anatomy and Physiology 476
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 477
Pituitary Gland 478
Thyroid Gland 478
Parathyroid Glands 480
Adrenal Glands 481
Adrenal Cortex 481
Adrenal Medulla 481
Pancreas 482
Pineal Gland 483
Thymus Gland 483
Anatomy Review: Endocrine System 484
Connecting Body Systems—Endocrine System 485
Medical Word Elements 486
Disease Focus 488
Thyroid Disorders 488
Parathyroid Disorders 489
Adrenal Gland Disorders 489
Adrenal Cortex 489
Adrenal Medulla 490
Pancreatic Disorders 490
Type 1 Diabetes 491
Type 2 Diabetes 491
Oncology 491
Pancreatic Cancer 491
Pituitary Tumors 492
Thyroid Carcinoma 492
Diseases and Conditions 493
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 496
Pharmacology 498
Abbreviations 500
Learning Activities 501
Documenting Health-Care Activities 505
CHAPTER 15 Nervous System 513
Chapter Outline 513
Objectives 513
Anatomy and Physiology 514
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 514
Contents xxiii

Cellular Structure of the Nervous System 515
Neurons 515
Neuroglia 516
Nervous System Divisions 516
Central Nervous System 517
Peripheral Nervous System 520
Anatomy Review: Brain Structures 524
Connecting Body Systems—Nervous System 525
Medical Word Elements 526
Disease Focus 529
Cerebrovascular Disease 529
Seizure Disorders 529
Multiple Sclerosis 530
Mental Illness 530
Oncology 531
Diseases and Conditions 532
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 539
Pharmacology 544
Abbreviations 547
Learning Activities 548
Documenting Health-Care Activities 553
CHAPTER 16 Special Senses 561
Chapter Outline 561
Objectives 561
Anatomy and Physiology 562
Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms 562
Eye 563
Fibrous Tunic 563
Vascular Tunic 563
Sensory Tunic 564
Adnexa 564
Ear 565
Hearing 565
Equilibrium 566
Anatomy Review: Eye 567
Anatomy Review: Ear 568
Medical Word Elements 569
Disease Focus 573
Eye Disorders 573
Glaucoma 573
Macular Degeneration 574
Ear Disorders 575
Otitis Media 575
Otosclerosis 576
Oncology 576
Eye 576
Ear 576
Diseases and Conditions 577
Diagnostic, Surgical, and Therapeutic Procedures 581
Pharmacology 587
Abbreviations 589
Learning Activities 590
Documenting Health-Care Activities 595
xxiv Contents

APPENDIX A Answer Key 605
APPENDIX B Common Abbreviations and Symbols 643
APPENDIX C Glossary of Medical Word Elements 651
APPENDIX D Index of Genetic Disorders 667
APPENDIX E Index of Clinical, Laboratory, and Imaging
Procedures 669
APPENDIX F Index of Pharmacology 675
APPENDIX G Index of Oncological Terms 679
APPENDIX H Index of Discontinued Abbreviations
and Eponyms 683
INDEX 687
RULES FOR SINGULAR AND PLURAL SUFFIXES 718
PRONUNCIATION GUIDELINES inside back cover

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