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Life-Span Development 17th Edition – PDF – eBook

Author: John Santrock
SKU: 1259922782

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  • Authors: John Santrock (Author)
  • File Size: 137 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 832 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill; 17th edition (September 10, 2018)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1259922782
  • ISBN-13: 978-1259922787

Download Life-Span Development 17th Edition – PDF – eBook

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  • Authors: John Santrock (Author)
  • File Size: 137 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 832 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill; 17th edition (September 10, 2018)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1259922782
  • ISBN-13: 978-1259922787

Download Life-Span Development 17th Edition – PDF – eBook

contents
About the Author xii
Expert Consultants xiii
Connecting research and results xvi
Preface xix
Acknowledgments xlvi

CHAPTER 1
Introduction 2
1 The Life-Span Perspective 4
The Importance of Studying Life-Span
Development 4
Characteristics of the Life-Span Perspective 5
Some Contemporary Concerns 7
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Gustavo
Medrano, Clinical Psychologist 8
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Improving Family Policy 11
2 The Nature of Development 13
Biological, Cognitive, and Socioemotional
Processes 13
Periods of Development 14
The Significance of Age 16
Developmental Issues 18
3 Theories of Development 20
Psychoanalytic Theories 20
Cognitive Theories 22
Behavioral and Social Cognitive
Theories 25
Ethological Theory 26
Ecological Theory 27
An Eclectic Theoretical Orientation 28
4 Research on Life-Span Development 29
Methods for Collecting Data 29
Research Designs 32
Time Span of Research 34
Conducting Ethical Research 36
Minimizing Bias 36
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Pam Reid,
Educational and Developmental
Psychologist 37
APPENDIX
Careers in Life-Span
Development 43
SECTION 1 THE LIFE-SPAN PERSPECTIVE 1
CHAPTER 2
Biological Beginnings 48
1 The Evolutionary Perspective 50
Natural Selection and Adaptive Behavior 50
Evolutionary Psychology 51
2 Genetic Foundations of Development 53
The Collaborative Gene 53
Genes and Chromosomes 55
Genetic Principles 57
Chromosomal and Gene-Linked
Abnormalities 58
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Jennifer
Leonhard, Genetic Counselor 61
3 Reproductive Challenges and Choices 62
Prenatal Diagnostic Tests 62
Infertility and Reproductive Technology 63
Adoption 64
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Parenting Adopted Children 66
4 Heredity-Environment Interaction: The NatureNurture Debate 67
Behavior Genetics 67
Heredity-Environment Correlations 68
The Epigenetic View and Gene × Environment
(G × E) Interaction 69
Conclusions About Heredity-Environment
Interaction 70
SECTION 2 BEGINNINGS 47
Contents v
CHAPTER 3
Prenatal Development
and Birth 74
1 Prenatal Development 76
The Course of Prenatal Development 76
Teratology and Hazards to Prenatal Development 80
Prenatal Care 88
Normal Prenatal Development 89
2 Birth 89
The Birth Process 89
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Linda Pugh,
Perinatal Nurse 92
Assessing the Newborn 92
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE From
Waterbirth to Music Therapy 93
Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants 94
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH How
Does Massage Therapy Affect the Mood and
The behavior of Babies? 97
3 The Postpartum Period 97
Physical Adjustments 98
Emotional and Psychological
Adjustments 98
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Diane Sanford,
Clinical Psychologist and Postpartum
Expert 99
Bonding 99
CHAPTER 4
Physical Development in
Infancy 104
1 Physical Growth and Development in
Infancy 106
Patterns of Growth 106
Height and Weight 107
The Brain 107
Sleep 111
Nutrition 114
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Improving the Nutrition of Infants and
Young Children Living in Low-Income
Families 117
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Faize MustafaInfante 118
2 Motor Development 118
The Dynamic Systems View 119
Reflexes 119
Gross Motor Skills 120
Fine Motor Skills 123
3 Sensory and Perceptual Development 125
What Are Sensation and Perception? 125
The Ecological View 125
Visual Perception 126
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH How
Can Newborns’ Perception Be Studied? 127
Other Senses 131
Intermodal Perception 132
Nature, Nurture, and Perceptual Development 133
Perceptual-Motor Coupling 134
CHAPTER 5
Cognitive Development
in Infancy 138
1 Piaget’s Theory of Infant Development 140
Cognitive Processes 140
The Sensorimotor Stage 141
Evaluating Piaget’s Sensorimotor Stage 144
2 Learning, Attention, Remembering,
and Conceptualizing 147
Conditioning 147
Attention 147
Memory 149
Imitation 150
Concept Formation and Categorization 150
3 Language Development 152
Defining Language 153
Language’s Rule Systems 153
How Language Develops 154
Biological and Environmental Influences 157
An Interactionist View 161
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE How
Parents Can Facilitate Infants’ and Toddlers’
Language Development 162
CHAPTER 6
Socioemotional Development
in Infancy 166
1 Emotional and Personality Development 168
Emotional Development 168
Temperament 172
SECTION 3 INFANCY 103
vi Contents
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Parenting and the Child’s Temperament 176
Personality Development 177
2 Social Orientation/Understanding
and Attachment 178
Social Orientation/Understanding 179
Attachment and Its Development 180
Individual Differences in Attachment 181
Caregiving Styles and Attachment 184
Developmental Social Neuroscience and
Attachment 184
3 Social Contexts 186
The Family 186
Child Care 189
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Wanda
Mitchell, Child-Care Director 190
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH How
Does the Quality and Quantity of Child Care
Affect Children? 191
CHAPTER 7
Physical and Cognitive
Development in Early
Childhood 197
1 Physical Changes 199
Body Growth and Change 199
Motor and Perceptual Development 200
Sleep 202
Nutrition and Exercise 202
Illness and Death 204
2 Cognitive Changes 206
Piaget’s Preoperational Stage 206
Vygotsky’s Theory 209
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE Tools
of the Mind 212
Information Processing 213
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Helen
Hadani, Ph.D., Developmental Psychologist,
Toy Designer, and Associate Director of
Research for the Center for Childhood
Creativity 218
3 Language Development 220
Understanding Phonology and
Morphology 220
Changes in Syntax and Semantics 221
Advances in Pragmatics 222
Young Children’s Literacy 222
4 Early Childhood Education 223
Variations in Early Childhood
Education 223
Education for Young Children Who Are
Disadvantaged 224
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Yolanda
Garcia, Head Start Director and College
Dean 225
Controversies in Early Childhood Education 226
CHAPTER 8
Socioemotional Development
in Early Childhood 230
1 Emotional and Personality Development 232
The Self 232
Emotional Development 234
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH
Caregivers’ Emotional Expressiveness,
Children’s Emotion Regulation, and Behavior
Problems in Head Start Children 236
Moral Development 236
Gender 239
2 Families 242
Parenting 242
Child Maltreatment 246
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Darla Botkin,
Marriage and Family Therapist 247
Sibling Relationships and Birth Order 248
The Changing Family in a Changing Society 250
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Communicating with Children
About Divorce 253
3 Peer Relations, Play, and Media/Screen
Time 256
Peer Relations 256
Play 257
Media/Screen Time 259
SECTION 4 EARLY CHILDHOOD 196
©Ariel Skelley/Corbis
Contents vii
CHAPTER 9
Physical and Cognitive
Development in Middle and
Late Childhood 265
1 Physical Changes and Health 267
Body Growth and Change 267
The Brain 267
Motor Development 268
Exercise 268
Health, Illness, and Disease 269
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS
Sharon McLeod, Child Life
Specialist 271
2 Children with Disabilities 272
The Scope of Disabilities 272
Educational Issues 276
3 Cognitive Changes 277
Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental
Theory 277
Information Processing 278
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Strategies for Increasing Children’s Creative
Thinking 284
Intelligence 285
Extremes of Intelligence 290
4 Language Development 293
Vocabulary, Grammar, and Metalinguistic
Awareness 293
Reading 293
Writing 294
Second-Language Learning and Bilingual
Education 295
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Salvador
Tamayo, Teacher of English Language
Learners 297
CHAPTER 10
Socioemotional Development
in Middle and Late
Childhood 302
1 Emotional and Personality Development 304
The Self 304
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Increasing Children’s Self-Esteem 306
Emotional Development 308
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Melissa
Jackson, Child Psychiatrist 310
Moral Development 310
Gender 314
2 Families 318
Developmental Changes in Parent-Child
Relationships 318
Parents as Managers 319
Attachment in Families 319
Stepfamilies 319
3 Peers 320
Developmental Changes 321
Peer Status 321
Social Cognition 322
Bullying 322
Friends 324
4 Schools 325
Contemporary Approaches to Student Learning 325
Socioeconomic Status, Ethnicity, and Culture 327
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Ahou Vaziri,
Teach for America Instructor 328
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH
Parenting and Children’s Achievement:
My Child Is My Report Card, Tiger Mothers,
and Tiger Babies Strike Back 331
SECTION 5 MIDDLE AND LATE CHILDHOOD 264
CHAPTER 11
Physical and Cognitive
Development in
Adolescence 337
1 The Nature of Adolescence 339
2 Physical Changes 341
Puberty 341
The Brain 344
Adolescent Sexuality 345
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Lynn
Blankinship, Family and Consumer Science
Educator 350
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Reducing Adolescent Pregnancy 350
3 Issues in Adolescent Health 351
Adolescent Health 351
Substance Use and Abuse 354
SECTION 6 ADOLESCENCE 336
viii Contents
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH What
Can Families Do to Reduce Drinking and
Smoking by Young Adolescents? 356
Eating Disorders 357
4 Adolescent Cognition 358
Piaget’s Theory 358
Adolescent Egocentrism 359
Information Processing 360
5 Schools 363
The Transition to Middle or Junior
High School 363
Effective Schools for Young Adolescents 363
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Katherine
McMillan Culp, Research Scientist at an
Educational Center 364
High School 364
Extracurricular Activities 365
Service Learning 366
CHAPTER 12
Socioemotional Development
in Adolescence 369
1 The Self, Identity, and Religious/Spiritual
Development 371
Self-Esteem 371
Identity 372
Religious/Spiritual Development 375
2 Families 377
Parental Monitoring and Information
Management 377
Autonomy and Attachment 378
Parent-Adolescent Conflict 379
3 Peers 381
Friendships 381
Peer Groups 381
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Effective and Ineffective Strategies for
Making Friends 382
Dating and Romantic Relationships 382
4 Culture and Adolescent Development 384
Cross-Cultural Comparisons 385
Socioeconomic Status and Poverty 386
Ethnicity 387
Media Use and Screen Time 388
5 Adolescent Problems 390
Juvenile Delinquency 390
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Rodney
Hammond, Health Psychologist 391
Depression and Suicide 391
The Interrelation of Problems and Successful
Prevention/Intervention Programs 394
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH Which
Children Are Most Likely to Benefit from Early
Intervention? 395
CHAPTER 13
Physical and Cognitive
Development in Early
Adulthood 400
1 The Transition from Adolescence to
Adulthood 402
Becoming an Adult 402
The Transition from High School
to College 405
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Grace Leaf,
College/Career Counselor 406
2 Physical Development 406
Physical Performance and Development 406
Health 407
Eating and Weight 408
Regular Exercise 409
Substance Abuse 410
3 Sexuality 413
Sexual Activity in Emerging Adulthood 413
Sexual Orientation and Behavior 415
Sexually Transmitted Infections 416
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Pat Hawkins,
Community Psychologist and Director of an
HIV/AIDS Clinic 418
Forcible Sexual Behavior and Sexual
Harassment 418
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH How
Prevalent Are Sexual Assaults on College
Campuses? 420
4 Cognitive Development 421
Cognitive Stages 421
Creativity 422
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE Flow
and Other Strategies for Living a More
Creative Life 423
5 Careers and Work 424
Developmental Changes 424
Finding a Path to Purpose 424
Monitoring the Occupational Outlook 425
The Impact of Work 425
Diversity in the Workplace 427
SECTION 7 EARLY ADULTHOOD 399
Contents ix
CHAPTER 14
Socioemotional Development
in Early Adulthood 431
1 Stability and Change from Childhood to
Adulthood 433
Temperament 433
Attachment 434
2 Attraction, Love, and Close Relationships 437
Attraction 437
The Faces of Love 439
Falling Out of Love 441
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH What
Are the Positive Outcomes to the Breakup of a
Romantic Relationship? 442
3 Adult Lifestyles 443
Single Adults 443
Cohabiting Adults 444
Married Adults 445
Divorced Adults 448
Remarried Adults 449
Gay and Lesbian Adults 449
4 Marriage and the Family 450
Making Marriage Work 450
Becoming a Parent 452
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Janis Keyser,
Parent Educator 453
Dealing With Divorce 453
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Coping and Adapting in the Aftermath
of Divorce 454
5 Gender and Communication Styles,
Relationships, and Classification 454
Gender and Communication Styles 455
Gender and Relationships 455
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Cynthia de las
Fuentes, College Professor and Counseling
Psychologist 456
Gender Classification 457
CHAPTER 15
Physical and Cognitive
Development in Middle
Adulthood 463
1 The Nature of Middle Adulthood 465
Changing Midlife 465
Defining Middle Adulthood 466
2 Physical Development 467
Physical Changes 467
Health, Disease, Stress, and Control 471
Mortality Rates 473
Sexuality 473
3 Cognitive Development 476
Intelligence 477
Information Processing 479
4 Careers, Work, and Leisure 481
Work in Midlife 481
Career Challenges and Changes 482
Leisure 482
5 Religion, Spirituality, and Meaning in Life 483
Religion, Spirituality, and Adult Lives 483
Religion, Spirituality, and Health 484
Meaning in Life 484
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Religion, Spirituality, and Coping 485
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Gabriel
Dy-Liacco, University Professor and Pastoral
Counselor 486
CHAPTER 16
Socioemotional Development
in Middle Adulthood 490
1 Personality Theories and
Adult Development 492
Stages of Adulthood 492
The Life-Events Approach 494
Stress and Personal Control
in Midlife 496
Contexts of Midlife Development 497
2 Stability and Change 499
Longitudinal Studies 499
Conclusions 502
3 Close Relationships 503
Love and Marriage at Midlife 504
The Empty Nest and Its Refilling 505
Sibling Relationships and Friendships 505
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Strategies for Parents and Their Young
Adult Children 506
Grandparenting 506
Intergenerational Relationships 508
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS How Do
Mothers’ and Daughters’ Descriptions of
Enjoyable Visits Differ at Different Points in
Adult Development? 511
SECTION 8 MIDDLE ADULTHOOD 462
©Tomas Rodriguez/Corbis
x Contents
CHAPTER 17
Physical Development in Late
Adulthood 515
1 Longevity 517
Life Expectancy and Life Span 517
The Young-Old and the Oldest-Old 522
Biological Theories of Aging 523
2 The Course of Physical Development in Late
Adulthood 525
The Aging Brain 526
Sleep 528
Physical Appearance and Movement 528
CONNECTING THROUGH RESEARCH Does
Engaging in Intellectually Challenging
Activities Affect Quality of Life and
Longevity? 529
Sensory Development 530
The Circulatory and Respiratory Systems 533
Sexuality 533
3 Health 535
Health Problems 535
Substance Use and Abuse 536
Exercise, Nutrition, and Weight 537
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Sarah Kagan,
Geriatric Nurse 542
Health Treatment 542
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Health-Care Providers and Older Adults 543
CHAPTER 18
Cognitive Development
in Late Adulthood 547
1 Cognitive Functioning in Older Adults 549
Multidimensionality and Multidirectionality 549
Education, Work, and Health 556
Use It or Lose It 557
Training Cognitive Skills 558
Cognitive Neuroscience and Aging 560
2 Language Development 561
3 Work and Retirement 563
Work 563
Retirement in the United States
and in Other Countries 564
Adjustment to Retirement 565
4 Mental Health 566
Depression 566
Dementia, Alzheimer Disease, and Other
Afflictions 568
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Jan Weaver,
Director of the Alzheimer’s Association of
Dallas 571
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Meeting the Mental Health Needs of
Older Adults 572
5 Religion and Spirituality 573
CHAPTER 19
Socioemotional Development
in Late Adulthood 577
1 Theories of Socioemotional Development 579
Erikson’s Theory 579
Activity Theory 581
Socioemotional Selectivity Theory 581
Selective Optimization with
Compensation Theory 582
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Strategies for Effectively Engaging in
Selective Optimization with
Compensation 583
2 Personality, the Self, and Society 584
Personality 585
The Self and Society 585
Older Adults in Society 587
3 Families and Social Relationships 590
Lifestyle Diversity 591
Attachment 593
Older Adult Parents and Their Adult Children 593
Great-Grandparenting 594
Friendship 594
Social Support and Social Integration 594
Altruism and Volunteering 595
4 Ethnicity, Gender, and Culture 596
Ethnicity 596
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Norma
Thomas, Social Work Professor and
Administrator 597
Gender 597
Culture 598
5 Successful Aging 599
SECTION 9 LATE ADULTHOOD 514
Contents xi
CHAPTER 20
Death, Dying, and
Grieving 604
1 The Death System and Cultural Contexts 606
The Death System and Its Cultural Variations 606
Changing Historical Circumstances 607
2 Defining Death and Life/Death Issues 608
Issues in Determining Death 608
Decisions Regarding Life, Death,
and Health Care 608
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Kathy
McLaughlin, Home Hospice Nurse 611
3 A Developmental Perspective on Death 612
Causes of Death 612
Attitudes Toward Death at Different
Points in the Life Span 612
4 Facing One’s Own Death 614
Kübler-Ross’ Stages of Dying 614
Perceived Control and Denial 615
The Contexts in Which People Die 616
5 Coping with the Death of Someone Else 616
Communicating with a Dying Person 616
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Effective Strategies for Communicating
with a Dying Person 617
Grieving 617
Making Sense of the World 620
Losing a Life Partner 621
Forms of Mourning 622
McGraw-Hill Education
Psychology’s APA Documentation Guide
GLOSSARY G-1
REFERENCES R-1
NAME INDEX NI-1
SUBJECT INDEX SI-1

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