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Intercultural Communication in Contexts 8th Edition PDF – eBook

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  • Authors: by Judith Martin, Thomas Nakayama (Author)
  • File Size: 20 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 544 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill; 8th edition (January 12, 2021)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1260837459
  • ISBN-13: 978-1260837452

Download Intercultural Communication in Contexts 8th Edition PDF – eBook

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Description

  • Authors: by Judith Martin, Thomas Nakayama (Author)
  • File Size: 20 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 544 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill; 8th edition (January 12, 2021)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1260837459
  • ISBN-13: 978-1260837452

Download Intercultural Communication in Contexts 8th Edition PDF – eBook

Contents
Preface xix
To the Student xxxi
PART I FOUNDATIONS OF INTERCULTURAL
COMMUNICATION 1
Chapter 1 Why Study Intercultural Communication? 2
The Self-Awareness Imperative 3
The Demographic Imperative 5
Changing U.S. Demographics 5
Changing Immigration Patterns 6
The Economic Imperative 15
The Technological Imperative 19
Technology and Human Communication 19
Access to Communication Technology 24
The Peace Imperative 25
The Ethical Imperative 29
Relativity versus Universality 29
Being Ethical Students of Culture 32
Internet Resources 35
Summary 36
Discussion Questions 37
Activities 37
Key Words 38
References 38
Credits 41

Chapter 2 The History of the Study of Intercultural
Communication 43
The Early Development of the Discipline 44
Nonverbal Communication 45
Application of Theory 45
An Emphasis on International Settings 45
An Interdisciplinary Focus 46
Perception and Worldview of the Researcher 48
Three Approaches to Studying
Intercultural Communication 49
The Social Science Approach 51
The Interpretive Approach 57
The Critical Approach 64
A Dialectical Approach to Understanding Culture
and Communication 69
Combining the Three Traditional Paradigms:
The Dialectical Approach 69
Six Dialectics of Intercultural Communication 72
Keeping a Dialectical Perspective 74
Internet Resources 75
Summary 75
Discussion Questions 76
Activities 76
Keywords 76
References 77
Credits 80
Chapter 3 Culture, Communication, Context,
and Power 82
What Is Culture? 83
Social Science Definitions: Culture as Learned,
Group-Related Perceptions 86
Interpretive Definitions: Culture as Contextual Symbolic
Patterns of Meaning, Involving Emotions 87

Critical Definitions: Culture is Heterogeneous,
Dynamic, and a Contested Zone 89
What Is Communication? 91
The Relationship Between Culture
and Communication 92
How Culture Influences Communication 94
How Communication Reinforces Culture 106
Communication as Resistance to the Dominant
Cultural System 109
The Relationship Between Communication
and Context 110
The Relationship Between Communication and Power 111
Internet Resources 116
Summary 117
Discussion Questions 117
Activities 118
Key Words 118
References 118
Credits 120
Chapter 4 History and Intercultural Communication 121
From History to Histories 123
Political, Intellectual, and Social Histories 124
Family Histories 125
National Histories 126
Cultural-Group Histories 128
History, Power, and Intercultural Communication 129
The Power of Texts 130
The Power of Other Histories 132
Power in Intercultural Interactions 134
History and Identity 134
Histories as Stories 135
Nonmainstream Histories 136

Intercultural Communication and History 147
Antecedents of Contact 148
The Contact Hypothesis 149
Negotiating Histories Dialectically in Interaction 155
Internet Resources 156
Summary 157
Discussion Questions 158
Activities 158
Keywords 159
References 159
Credits 162
PART II INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION
PROCESSES 165
Chapter 5 Identity and Intercultural
Communication 166
Thinking Dialectically About Identity 167
The Social Science Perspective 168
The Interpretive Perspective 171
The Critical Perspective 172
Identity Development Issues 176
Minority Identity Development 178
Majority Identity Development 180
Social and Cultural Identities 183
Gender Identity 183
Sexual Identity 186
Age Identity 186
Racial and Ethnic Identities 188
Characteristics of Whiteness 191
Religious Identity 195
Class Identity 197
National Identity 199
Regional Identity 201

Personal Identity 202
Multicultural People 202
Identity, Stereotypes, and Prejudice 208
Identity and Communication 212
Internet Resources 214
Summary 215
Discussion Questions 215
Activities 216
Keywords 216
References 217
Credits 221
Chapter 6 Language and Intercultural
Communication 223
Social Science Perspective on Language 225
Language and Perception 226
Language and Thought: Metaphor 229
Cultural Variations in Communication Style 230
Influence of Interactive Media Use on Language
and Communication Style 234
Slang and Humor in Language Use 235
Interpretive Perspective on Language 238
Variations in Contextual Rules 238
Critical Perspective on Language 240
Co-Cultural Communication 240
Discourse and Social Structure 244
The “Power” Effects of Labels 244
Moving Between Languages 247
Multilingualism 247
Translation and Interpretation 251
Language and Identity 255
Language and Cultural Group Identity 255
Code Switching 257

Language Politics and Policies 260
Language and Globalization 263
Internet Resources 266
Summary 267
Discussion Questions 268
Activities 268
Keywords 269
References 269
Credits 271
Chapter 7 Nonverbal Codes and Cultural
Space 273
Thinking Dialectically About Nonverbal Communication:
Defining Nonverbal Communication 275
Comparing Verbal and Nonverbal Communication 276
What Nonverbal Behavior Communicates 277
The Universality of Nonverbal Behavior 279
Recent Research Findings 279
Nonverbal Codes 281
Stereotype, Prejudice, and Discrimination 292
Semiotics and Nonverbal Communication 295
Defining Cultural Space 297
Cultural Identity and Cultural Space 298
Changing Cultural Space 303
Postmodern Cultural Spaces 304
Internet Resources 308
Summary 308
Discussion Questions 309
Activities 309
Key Words 309
References 310
Credits 313

PART III INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION
APPLICATIONS 315
Chapter 8 Understanding Intercultural
Transitions 316
Thinking Dialectically About Intercultural
Transitions 319
Types of Migrant Groups 321
Voluntary Migrants 321
Involuntary Migrants 323
Migrant–Host Relationships 325
Assimilation 326
Separation 327
Integration 330
Cultural Hybridity 331
Cultural Adaptation 332
Social Science Approach 333
Interpretive Approach 338
Critical Approach: Contextual Influences 347
Internet Resources 353
Summary 353
Discussion Questions 354
Activities 354
Keywords 354
References 355
Credits 358
Chapter 9 Popular Culture and Intercultural
Communication 361
Learning About Cultures Without Personal
Experience 363
The Power of Popular Culture 363
What Is Popular Culture? 364

Consuming and Resisting Popular Culture 369
Consuming Popular Culture 369
Resisting Popular Culture 371
Representing Cultural Groups 374
Migrants’ Perceptions of Mainstream Culture 376
Popular Culture and Stereotyping 377
U.S. Popular Culture and Power 380
Global Circulation of Images and Commodities 381
Cultural Imperialism 384
Internet Resources 388
Summary 388
Discussion Questions 389
Activities 389
Key Words 390
References 390
Credits 392
Chapter 10 Culture, Communication, and Intercultural
Relationships 395
Benefits and Challenges of Intercultural
Relationships 397
Benefits 397
Challenges 399
Thinking Dialectically About Intercultural
Relationships 403
Personal–Contextual Dialectic 404
Differences–Similarities Dialectic 405
Cultural–Individual Dialectic 405
Privilege–Disadvantage Dialectic 406
Static–Dynamic Dialectic 406
History/Past–Present/Future Dialectic 406
Intercultural Relationships 407
Social Science Approach: Cross-Cultural Differences 407

Interpretive Approach: Communicating in Intercultural
Relationships 413
Critical Approach: Contextual Influences 428
Internet Resources 432
Summary 432
Discussion Questions 433
Activities 433
Key Words 434
References 434
Credits 437
Chapter 11 Culture, Communication,
and Conflict 440
Characteristics of Intercultural Conflict 443
Ambiguity 443
Language 444
Contradictory Conflict Styles 444
The Social Science Approach to Conflict 446
Cultural Values and Conflict 447
Religion and Conflict 447
Family Influences 449
Intercultural Conflict Styles 451
Gender, Ethnicity, and Conflict Styles 454
Interpretive and Critical Approaches
to Social Conflict 455
Social Movements 457
Historical and Political Contexts 458
Managing Intercultural Conflict 461
Dealing with Interpersonal Conflict 461
Mediation 468
Peacebuilding 471
Internet Resources 472
Summary 473

Discussion Questions 474
Activities 474
Key Words 474
References 474
Credits 477
Chapter 12 Striving for Engaged and Effective
Intercultural Communication 478
The Components of Competence 479
Social Science Perspective: Individual Components 479
Interpretive Perspective: Competence in Contexts 488
Critical Perspective: Competence for Whom? 490
Applying Knowledge About
Intercultural Communication 491
Entering into Dialogue 492
Becoming Interpersonal Allies 494
Building Coalitions 496
Social Justice and Transformation 497
Forgiveness 501
What the Future Holds 503
Internet Resources 507
Summary 508
Discussion Questions 508
Activities 509
Key Words 509
References 509
Credits 512
Name Index I-1
Subject Index I-9

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