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Governing Texas 4th Edition PDF – EBook

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  • Authors: Anthony Champagne, Edward J. Harpham, Jason P. Casellas (Author)
  • File Size: 31 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 624 pages
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company; Fourth edition (June 10, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0393680126
  • ISBN-13: 978-0393680126

Download Governing Texas 4th Edition PDF – EBook

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  • Authors: Anthony Champagne, Edward J. Harpham, Jason P. Casellas (Author)
  • File Size: 31 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 624 pages
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company; Fourth edition (June 10, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0393680126
  • ISBN-13: 978-0393680126

Download Governing Texas 4th Edition PDF – EBook

Contents
Preface XVI
Acknowledgments XXI
1 • The Political Culture, People,
and Economy of Texas 3
Texas Political Culture 5
The One-Party State Persists 5
Provincialism 6
Business Dominance 6
The Land 7
The Gulf Coastal Plains 8
The Interior Lowlands 9
The Great Plains 10
The Basin and Range Province 10
Economic Change in Texas 11
Cotton 11
Cattle 12
Oil 13
High-Tech Industry 17
NAFTA, USMCA, and the International Economy 17
The Military in Texas 19
The Great Recession and the “Texas Miracle” 21
The People of Texas 22
Whites 24
Latinos 25
African Americans 27
WHO ARE TEXANS? How Is the Texas Population Changing? 29
Asian Americans 30
Age 30
Poverty and Wealth 31
Urbanization 31
TEXAS AND THE NATION How Does Texas’s Population
Compare to Other Major States’? 33
Urban Political Life 34
CONTENTS VII
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Immigration in Texas 39
Political Culture and the Future of Texas 40
Study Guide 41
2 • The Texas Constitution 45
The Role of a State Constitution 47
The Texas Constitutions: 1836–1876 49
The Texas Founding 49
The Constitution of the Republic of Texas, 1836 51
The Texas State Constitution of 1845 55
The Constitution of 1861: Texas Joins the Confederacy 56
The Constitution of 1866: Texas Rejoins the Union 58
The Reconstruction Constitution of 1869 59
The Constitution of 1876 61
The Constitution of Texas Today 64
The Preamble 65
Article 1: Bill of Rights 66
Article 2: The Powers of Government 67
Article 3: Legislative Department 67
Article 4: Executive Department 68
Article 5: Judicial Department 68
Article 6: Suffrage 70
Article 7: Education 70
Article 8: Taxation and Revenue 70
TEXAS AND THE NATION Which State Has the
Longest Constitution? 71
Articles 9 and 11: Local Government 72
Articles 10, 12, 13, and 14 72
Article 15: Impeachment 72
Article 16: General Provisions 73
Article 17: Amending the Constitution 73
Recent Attempts to Rewrite the Texas Constitution 73
Sharpstown and the Failed Constitutional Reforms of 1974 74
Recent Amendments 75
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Votes in Texas Elections Amending
the Constitution? 77
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Same-Sex Marriage and the
Texas Constitution 79
The Constitution and the Future of Texas 81
Study Guide 82
VIII CONTENTS
3 • Texas in the Federal System 87
The Roots of American Federalism 89
The Constitutional Roots of Federalism 90
Federalism in Early America 92
Federalism: Texas and the Nation over Time 94
Dual versus Cooperative Federalism 94
Marble-Cake Federalism 95
TEXAS AND THE NATION Federal Funds to Texas versus
Other States 97
Coercive Federalism: Texas and the Federal Government 98
WHO ARE TEXANS? How Do Federal Funds Flow to Texas? 99
The States Respond 100
Major U.S. Constitutional and Statutory Restrictions on
the States 101
The Equal Protection Clause 101
State Regulation of Voting 102
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Voting Rights and
Redistricting 103
Flexibility for States under the Constitution 105
Texas and the Obama Administration 106
Texas and the Trump Administration 107
Federalism and the Future of Texas 109
Study Guide 110
4 • Political Parties 115
The Roles and Structure of Political Parties in Texas 117
Texas Party Politics 118
Public Attitudes about Parties 119
The Contemporary Republican Party in Texas 120
The Contemporary Democratic Party in Texas 121
Democratic and Republican Party Organization 123
Third Parties in Texas 125
TEXAS AND THE NATION How Republican Is Texas? 127
The Tea Party Movement in Texas 128
Parties and Digital Media 129
Texas’s History as a One-Party State 129
WHO ARE TEXANS? When Did Texas Become Republican? 131
The Era of Conservative Democrats 132
The Growth of the Republican Party 133
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Do Internal Divisions
Spell Trouble for the Republican Party in Texas? 135
The Disappearance of Conservative Democrats 136
CONTENTS IX
Texas Party Politics Today 137
Party Unity and Disunity 137
Urban, Rural, and Suburban Influences on Partisanship 138
African Americans in Texas Political Parties 141
Latinos in Texas Political Parties 142
Political Parties and the Future of Texas 143
Study Guide 145
5 • Campaigns and Elections 149
Features of Elections in Texas 151
Primary Elections 151
General Elections 153
Special Elections 153
Running as an Independent 153
Participation in Texas Elections 155
Who Can Vote? 155
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Voter Identification Laws 161
Redistricting: Where Do People Vote? 162
Turnout: Who Votes? 164
The Importance of the Republican Primary 167
Campaigns 168
Candidates: Who Runs? 168
Money 168
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Votes in Texas Statewide
Elections? 169
Interest Groups 170
TEXAS AND THE NATION How Did Texans Vote in 2016? 171
Parties 172
Strategy 173
Public Opinion and Campaigns 173
Media 174
Important Issues in Recent Texas Campaigns 175
Campaigns, Elections, and the Future of Texas 178
Study Guide 179
6 • Interest Groups and
Lobbying 183
Interest Groups in the Political Process 185
Resources and Strategies of Interest Groups 185
Interest Groups and Democracy 186
Interest Groups and Policy Makers 188
X CONTENTS
Types of Interest Groups and Lobbyists 190
Getting Access to Policy Makers 191
TEXAS AND THE NATION Registered Lobbyists:
How Does Texas Compare? 193
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Should Former
Legislators Be Lobbyists? 196
Who Represents Ordinary Texans? 198
Another Side to Lobbying 198
Getting Out the Vote 199
Defeating Opponents 200
WHO ARE TEXANS? Which Interest Groups Contribute
the Most? 201
Interest-Group Capture 204
Individuals as Lobbyists 205
Interest Groups and the Future of Texas 208
Study Guide 209
7 • The Legislature 213
Structure of the Texas Legislature 215
Bicameralism 215
Sessions of the Legislature 216
Representation in the Texas Legislature 217
How Much Do Legislators Get Paid? 218
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Are the Members of the
Texas Legislature? 219
Powers of the Legislature 220
Legislative Powers 220
Nonlegislative Powers 221
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS A Full-Time or
Part-Time Legislature? 222
How a Bill Becomes a Law in Texas 223
Introduction in the House 223
Referral 226
Committee Action 226
Floor Action 226
Conference Committee 228
TEXAS AND THE NATION How Representative Is the Texas
Legislature Compared with Other States? 229
The Governor 230
Additional Players in the Legislative Process 231
Power and Partisanship in the Legislature 234
Leadership 234
CONTENTS XI
Centralizing Power: Sources of the Leadership’s Power 235
Partisan Voting in the Texas Legislature 238
Redistricting 240
Power and Partisanship in the Redistricting Battle 241
The Legislature and the Future of Texas 243
Study Guide 245
8 • The Executive Branch 251
The Governor 253
TEXAS AND THE NATION How Much Power Does the Texas
Governor Have? 255
Qualifications 256
Election and Term of Office 256
Campaigns 258
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Elected Governor Greg Abbott
in 2018? 259
Removal of a Governor 260
Succession 260
Compensation 261
Staff 261
Executive Powers of the Governor 262
Legislative Powers of the Governor 268
Judicial Powers of the Governor 270
The Plural Executive 271
Lieutenant Governor 274
Attorney General 275
Commissioner of the General Land Office 276
Agriculture Commissioner 278
Comptroller of Public Accounts 279
Secretary of State 280
The Plural Executive and the Governor 280
Boards, Commissions, and Regulatory Agencies 281
Multimember Appointed Boards 281
Appointed Single Executives 282
Multimember Elected Boards 282
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS A Plural or
Single Executive? 283
Making Agencies Accountable 286
The Executive Branch and the Future of Texas 287
Study Guide 289
XII CONTENTS
9 • The Judiciary 293
Court Structure 295
The Legal Process 300
Civil Law 300
Criminal Law 302
Judicial Politics 303
Initial Appointment of Judges by the Governor 303
Judicial Elections Become Highly Partisan 304
Proposed Reforms of the Texas Judiciary 305
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Elected or
Appointed Judges? 307
TEXAS AND THE NATION Comparing How Texas Selects
Its Judges to the Rest of the Country 311
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Are Texas’s Judges? 315
Issues in the Texas Court System Today 316
Civil Cases and Tort Reform 316
The Regulation of the Legal Profession 316
Judicial Conduct 319
The Judiciary and the Future of Texas 321
Study Guide 323
10 • Local Government 327
County Government in Texas 329
What Are the Functions of County Government? 329
Numerous County Offices: Checks and Balances or
Built-In Problems? 331
The Challenges of County Government 333
City Government in Texas 337
General-Law vs. Home-Rule Cities 338
Forms of Government in Texas Cities 341
Tales of Five Cities 343
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Houston’s
“Bathroom Ordinance” 345
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Governs Texas’s Cities? 349
Special Purpose Districts 350
Types of Special Purpose Districts 350
TEXAS AND THE NATION How Extensive Are Texas’s
Local Governments? 351
School Districts 352
Nonschool Special Purpose Districts 352
Problems with Special Purpose Districts 354
Councils of Government (COGs) 356
CONTENTS XIII
Financial Issues Facing Local Government 357
Capital Appreciation Bonds 357
Local Government Pensions 359
Local Government and the Future of Texas 361
Study Guide 363
11 • Public Finance 367
What Is the Budget? 369
Spending and Revenue in Texas 371
Trends in State Spending 371
Revenue in Texas 372
The Question of the Income Tax in Texas 376
TEXAS AND THE NATION Who Pays the Highest State Taxes? 377
Other State Revenue 378
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Pays the Most State Taxes in Texas? 379
State Funds 380
The Texas Constitution and the Budget 384
The Budgetary Process 388
Estimation and Planning 390
The Legislative Process 390
The Challenge of Budgeting in Texas 392
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS What to Do with a
Budget Surplus? 394
The Budget Process Today 395
Public Finance and the Future of Texas 396
Study Guide 398
12 • Public Policy 403
The Policy-Making Process 405
Rationality in Policy Making 406
Education Policy 408
The Roots of Education Policy in Texas 409
Desegregation 410
Equity in Funding 411
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Attends Public School in Texas? 413
Educational Excellence and Accountability in Texas 414
Education Policy in a New Era 416
Welfare Policy 419
Poverty in Texas 419
Welfare in Texas, 1935–1996 421
XIV CONTENTS
The Idea of Dependency and Welfare Reform in the 1990s 422
Evaluating Welfare Reforms 424
Medicaid and Health Care Policy 426
Medicaid 426
Broader Health Care Issues in Texas 429
The Affordable Care Act 431
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Abortion Policy in Texas 433
TEXAS AND THE NATION What Are the Trade-Offs in Texas
Public Policy? 435
Public Policy and the Future of Texas 436
Study Guide 437
13 • Crime, Corrections,
and Public Safety 441
Policing in Texas 443
Police Departments 443
Texas Commission on Law Enforcement 444
Controversies Surrounding Policing in Texas 444
Categorizing Crime in Texas 448
Felonies and Misdemeanors 448
Punishing Crime 448
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS Cite and Release:
Necessary Cost-Savings or Soft on Crime? 450
The Criminal Justice Process 451
Arraignment and Posting Bail 451
Grand Jury Indictment 453
Pretrial Hearings 453
Plea Bargaining 453
Trial and Sentencing 454
Does the Criminal Justice System Create Criminals? 454
Crime and Texas District Attorneys 455
Crime and Criminal Defense 457
Crime, Corrections, and the Texas Prison System 458
History of the Prison System 458
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Is in Prison in Texas? 459
The Prison System Today 460
The Death Penalty 464
TEXAS AND THE NATION How Does Criminal Justice in
Texas Compare with Other States? 465
Self-Defense and Concealed/Open Carry of Handguns 467
The Integrity of the Texas Criminal Justice System 468
How Fair Is the Criminal Justice System? 468
CONTENTS XV
Reforms 471
Criminal Justice and the Future of Texas 472
Study Guide 474
14 • Building the Future: Public
Policies for a Changing Texas 479
Transportation Policy in Texas 481
Texas Roads and Highways 481
The Problem with Texas Roads and Highways 482
Highways and the Future 485
Public Transit in Texas 487
Demographic Change in Texas 489
Who Are Texas’s Immigrants? 490
Immigration Policy in Texas 492
WHO ARE TEXANS? Who Is Eligible for DACA? 497
Higher Education Policy in Texas 499
Building a System of Higher Education in Texas 501
Financing Higher Education 504
YOU DECIDE: VOICES OF TEXAS The Future of Higher
Education: The Political Parties Speak 505
TEXAS AND THE NATION Higher Education Spending
and Outcomes 507
Setting Goals for the Future: 60x30TX 508
Water Policy in Texas 509
Water Law in Texas 510
Planning Authorities and Water Policy 511
Facing Texas’s Future 514
Study Guide 516
Appendix A1
Endnotes A21
Answer Key A47
Credits A49
Glossary / Index A51

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