Availability: In Stock

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 6th Edition PDF – eBook

SKU: 0134730682

$24.99

  • Authors: by Karen Timberlake (Author)
  • File Size: 171 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 936 pages
  • Publisher: Pearson; 6th edition (January 19, 2018)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0134730682
  • ISBN-13: 978-0134730684

Download General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 6th Edition PDF – eBook

Category: Tag:

Description

  • Authors: by Karen Timberlake (Author)
  • File Size: 171 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 936 pages
  • Publisher: Pearson; 6th edition (January 19, 2018)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0134730682
  • ISBN-13: 978-0134730684

Download General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 6th Edition PDF – eBook

Chemistry in Our Lives
CAREER Forensic Scientist
CLINICAL UPDATE Forensic Evidence Helps Solve
the Crime 1
1.1 Chemistry and Chemicals 2
1.2 Scientific Method: Thinking Like a Scientist 3
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Early Chemist:
Paracelsus 4
1.3 Studying and learning Chemistry 5
1.4 Key Math Skills for Chemistry 9
1.5 Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation 17
CLINICAL UPDATE Forensic Evidence Helps Solve
the Crime 20
Concept Map 20
Chapter Review 21
Key Terms 21
Key Math Skills 21
Understanding the Concepts 23
Additional Practice Problems 23
Challenge Problems 24
Answers 24
Chemistry and
Measurements 26
CAREER Registered Nurse 26
CLINICAL UPDATE Greg’s Visit with His Doctor 26
2.1 Units of Measurement 27
2.2 Measured Numbers and Significant Figures 30
2.3 Significant Figures in Calculations 32
2 .4 Prefixes and Equalities 36
2 .5 Writing Conversion Factors 40
2 .6 Problem Solving Using Unit Conversion 44
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Toxicology and
Risk-Benefit Assessment 47
2.7 Density 49
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Bone Density 51
CLINICAL UPDATE Greg’s Visit with His Doctor 54
Concept Map 55
Chapter Review 55
KeyTerms 56
Key Math Skill 56
Core Chemistry Skills 57
Understanding the Concepts 57
Additional Practice Problems 59
Challenge Problems 60
Answers 60
Matter and
Energy 63
CAREER Dietitian 63
CLINICAL UPDATE A Diet and Exercise Program 63
3.1 Classification of Matter 64
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Breathing
Mixtures 66
3 .2 States and Properties of Matter 67
3.3 Temperature 70
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Variation in Body
Temperature 74
3.4 Energy 74
3.5 Energy and Nutrition 77
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Losing and Gaining
Weight 79
3.6 Specific Heat 80
3.7 Changes of State 82
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH St team Burns 87
CLINICAL UPDATE A Diet and Exercise Program 88
Concept Map 89
Chapter Review 89
KeyTerms 90
Core Chemistry Skills 91
Understanding the Concepts 92
Additional Practice Problems 93
Challenge Problems 95
Answers 95
Combining Ideas from Chapters 1 to 3 97
Answers 984
Atoms and
Elements 99
CAREER Farmer 99
CLINICAL UPDATE Improving Crop Production 99
4.1 Elements and Symbols 100
4 .2 The Periodic Table 102
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Elements Essential
to Health 105
4 .3 The Atom 107
4.4 Atomic Number and Mass Number 110
CHEMISTRY LINK TO THE ENVIRONMENT Many
Forms of Carbon 111
4.5 Isotopes and Atomic Mass 113
4.6 Electron Energy levels 117
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Biological Reactions
to UV Light 117
4 .7 Electron Configurations 122
4 .8 Trends in Periodic Properties 129
CLINICAL UPDATE Improving Crop Production 135
Concept Map 136
Chapter Review 136
Key Terms 137
Core Chemistry Skills 138
Understanding the Concepts 139
Additional Practice Problems 141
Challenge Problems 142
Answers 142
Nuclear
Chemistry 145
CAREER Radiation Technologist 145
CLINICAL UPDATE Cardiac Imaging Using a
Radioisotope 145
5.1 Natural Radioactivity 146
5.2 Nuclear Reactions 149
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Radon in Our
Homes 151
5.3 Radiation Measurement 156
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Radiation and
Food 157
5.4 Half-life of a Radioisotope 159
Contents vii
CHEMISTRY LINK TO THE ENVIRONMENT Dating
Ancient Objects 161
5.5 Medical Applications Using Radioactivity 163
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Brachytherapy 165
5.6 Nuclear Fission and Fusion 166
CLINICAL UPDATE Cardiac Imaging Using a
Radioisotope 168
Concept Map 168
Chapter Review 169
Key Terms 169
Core Chemistry Skills 170
Understanding the Concepts 170
Additional Practice Problems 171
Challenge Problems 172
Answers 172
Ionic and
Molecular
Compounds 174
CAREER Pharmacy Technician 174
CLINICAL UPDATE Compounds at the
Pharmacy 174
6.1 Ions: Transfer of Electrons 175
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Some Important Ions
in the Body 179
6 .2 Ionic Compounds 179
6 .3 Naming and Writing Ionic Formulas 182
6 .4 Polyatomic Ions 186
6 .5 Molecular Compounds: Sharing Electrons 190
6.6 lewis Structures for Molecules and
Polyatomic Ions 194
6.7 Electronegativity and Bond Polarity 199
6.8 Shapes and Polarity of Molecules 202
6.9 Intermolecular Forces in Compounds 207
CLINICAL UPDATE Compounds at the
Pharmacy 210
Concept Map 210
Chapter Review 211
Key Terms 212
Core Chemistry Skills 212
Understanding the Concepts 214
Additional Practice Problems 215
Challenge Problems 217
Answers 218
Combining Ideas from Chapters 4 to 6 221
Answers 222viii Contents
Chemical
Reactions and
Quantities 223
CAREER Exercise Physiologist 223
CLINICAL UPDATE Improving Natalie’s Overall
Fitness 223
7.1 Equations for Chemical Reactions 224
7.2 Types of Chemical Reactions 230
7.3 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 235
7.4 The Mole 238
7.5 Molar Mass 242
7.6 Calculations Using Molar Mass 245
7.7 Mole Relationships in Chemical Equations 248
7.8 M ass Calculat ions for Chemical Reactions 251
7.9 Limiting Reactants and Percent Yield 253
7.10 Energy in Chemical Reactions 258
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Cold Packs and
Hot Packs 261
CLINICAL UPDATE Improving Natalie’s Overall
Fitness 262
Concept Map 263
Chapter Review 263
Key Terms 264
Core Chemistry Skills 265
Understanding the Concepts 267
Additional Practice Problems 269
Challenge Problems 271
Answers 273
Gases 275
CAREER Respiratory Therapist 275
CLINICAL UPDATE Exercise-Induced Asthma 275
8.1 Properties of Gases 276
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Measuring Blood
Pressure 280
8.2 Pressure and Volume (Boyle’s Law) 281
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Pressure-Volume
Relationship in Breathing 282
8 .3 Temperature and Volume (Charles’s Law) 284
8 .4 Temperature and Pressure (Gay-Lussac’s
Law) 286
8.5 The Combined Gas Law 289
8.6 Volume and Moles (Avogadro’s Law) 291
8.7 The Ideal Gas Law 293
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Hyperbaric
Chambers 296
8.8 Partial Pressures (Dalton’s Law) 298
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Blood Gases 299
CLINICAL UPDATE Exercise-Induced Asthma 301
Concept Map 301
Chapter Review 301
Key Terms 302
Core Chemistry Skills 303
Understanding the Concepts 304
Additional Practice Problems 305
Challenge Problems 305
Answers 306
Combining Ideas from Chapters 7 and 8 308
Answers 309
Solutions 310
CAREER Dialysis Nurse 310
CLINICAL UPDATE Using Dialysis for Renal
Failure 310
9.1 Solutions 311
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Water in the
Body 312
9.2 Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes 314
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Electrolytes in Body
Fluids 318
9.3 Solubility 319
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Gout and Kidney
Stones: Saturation in Body Fluids 320
9.4 Solution Concentrations and Reactions 325
9.5 Dilution of Solutions 335
9.6 Properties of Solutions 338
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Dialysis by the
Kidneys and the Artificial Kidney 344
CLINICAL UPDATE Using Dialysis for Renal
Failure 346
Concept Map 347
Chapter Review 347
Key Terms 348
Core Chemistry Skills 349
Understanding the Concepts 350
Additional Practice Problems 351
Challenge Problems 352
Answers 35310
Reaction Rates
and Chemical
Equilibrium 355
CAREER Neonatal Nurse 355
CLINICAL UPDATE An Iron-Rich Diet for
Children’s Anemia 355
10.1 Rates of Reactions 356
10.2 Chemical Equilibrium 360
10.3 Equilibrium Constants 363
10.4 Using Equilibrium Constants 366
10.5 Changing Equilibrium Conditions: Le Chatelier’s
Principle 369
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Oxygen-Hemoglobin
Equilibrium and Hypoxia 372
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Homeostasis:
Regulation of Body Temperature 375
CLINICAL UPDATE An Iron-Rich Diet for
Children’s Anemia 376
Concept Map 377
Chapter Review 377
Key Terms 378
Core Chemistry Skills 378
Understanding the Concepts 379
Additional Practice Problems 379
Challenge Problems 380
Answers 381
Acids and
Bases 382
CAREER Clinical Laboratory Technician 382
CLINICAL UPDATE Acid Reflux Disease 382
11.1 Acids and Bases 383
11.2 Brensted-Lowry Acids and Bases 385
11.3 Strengths of Acids and Bases 388
11.4 Dissociation of Weak Acids and Bases 393
11.5 Dissociation of Water 395
11.6 The pH Scale 398
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Stomach
Acid, HCI 404
11.7 Reactions of Acids and Bases 405
CHEMISTRY UNK TO HEALTH Antacids 407
11.8 Buffers 409
Contents ix
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Buffers in the Blood
Plasma 412
CLINICAL UPDATE Acid Reflux Disease 414
Concept Map 415
Chapter Review 416
Key Terms 417
Key Math Skills 417
Core Chemistry Skills 417
Understanding the Concepts 419
Additional Practice Problems 419
Challenge Problems 420
Answers 421
Combining Ideas from Chapters 9 to 11 424
Answers 425
Introduction
to Organic
Chemistry:
Hydrocarbons 426
CAREER Firefighter/ Emergency Medical
Technician 426
CLINICAL UPDATE Diane’s Treatment in the
Burn Unit 426
12.1 Organic Compounds 427
12.2 Alkanes 430
12.3 Alkanes with Substituents 433
12.4 Properties of Alkanes 438
12.5 A lkenes and Alkynes 441
12.6 Cis-Trans Isomers 444
CHEMISTRY LINKS TO THE ENVIRONMENT
Pheromones in Insect Communication 447
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Cis-Trans Isomers
for Night Vision 447
12.7 Addition Reactions for Alkenes 447
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Hydrogenation of
Unsaturated Fats 449
12.8 Aromatic Compounds 453
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Some Common
Aromatic Compounds 455
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Polycyclic Aromatic
Hydrocarbons (PAHs) 456
CLINICAL UPDATE Diane’s Treatment in the
Burn Unit 456
Concept Map 457
Chapter Review 458
Summary of Naming 459
Summary of Reactions 459x Contents
Key Terms 459
Core Chemistry Skills 460
Understanding the Concepts 461
Additional Practice Problems 461
Challenge Problems 463
Answers 464
Alcohols,
Phenols, Thiols,
and Ethers 467
CAREER Nurse Anesthetist 467
CLINICAL UPDATE Janet’s New Diet Plan 467
13.1 Alcohols, Phenols, and Thiols 468
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Some Important
Alcohols and Phenols 471
13.2 Ethers 474
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Et hers as
Anesthetics 476
13.3 Physical Properties of Alcohols, Phenols,
and Ethers 476
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Hand Sanitizers 479
13.4 Reactions of Alcohols and Thiols 480
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Oxidation of Alcohol
in the Body 484
CLINICAL UPDATE Janet’s New Diet Plan 487
Concept Map 488
Chapter Review 488
Summary of Naming 489
Summary of Reactions 489
Key Terms 489
Core Chemistry Skills 490
Understanding the Concepts 490
Additional Practice Problems 491
Challenge Problems 493
Answers 493
Aldehydes and
Ketones 496
CAREER Dermatology Nurse 496
CLINICAL UPDATE Diana’s Skin Protection Plan 496
14.1 Aldehydes and Ketones 497
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Some Important
Aldehydes and Ketones 500
14.2 Physical Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones 502
14.3 Oxidation and Reduction of Aldehydes and
Ketones 504
14.4 Addition of alcohols: Hemiacetals and AcetaIs 507
CLINICAL UPDATE Diana’s Skin Protection Plan 511
Concept Map 512
Chapter Review 512
Summary of Naming 513
Summary of Reactions 513
Key Terms 514
Core Chemistry Skills 514
Understanding the Concepts 514
Additional Practice Problems 515
Challenge Problems 516
Answers 517
Combining Ideas from Chapters 12 to 14 519
Answers 520
Carbohydrates 521
CAREER Diabetes Nurse 521
CLINICAL UPDATE Kate’s Program for Type 2
Diabetes 521
15.1 Carbohydrates 522
15.2 Chiral Molecules 525
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Enantiomers in
Biological Systems 530
15.3 Fischer Projections of Monosaccharides 532
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Hyperglycemia and
Hypoglycemia 534
15.4 Haworth Structures of Monosaccharides 535
15.5 Chemical Properties of Monosaccharides 539
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Dental Cavities and
Xylitol Gum 541
15.6 Disaccharides 542
15.7 Polysaccharides 546
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Varied Biological
Roles of Carbohydrate Polymers: The Case of
Glycosaminoglycans 548
CLINICAL UPDATE Kate’s Program for Type 2
Diabetes 550
Concept Map 551
Chapter Review 551
Summary of Carbohydrates 552
Summary of Reactions 552
Key Terms 553
Core Chemistry Skills 553
Understanding the Concepts 554
Additional Practice Problems 555
Challenge Problems 556
Answers 55716
Carboxylic Acids
and Esters 560
CAREER Surgical Technician 560
CLINICAL UPDATE Liquid Bandages 560
16.1 Carboxylic Acids 561
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Alpha Hydroxy
Acids 563
16.2 Properties of Carboxylic Acids 564
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Carboxylic Acids in
Metabolism 568
16.3 Esters 569
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Salicylic Acid from
a Willow Tree 571
CHEMISTRY LINKS TO THE ENVIRONMENT
Plastics 572
16.4 Properties of Esters 575
CLINICAL UPDATE Liquid Bandages 577
Concept Map 578
Chapter Review 578
Summary of Naming 579
Summary of Reactions 579
Key Terms 580
Core Chemistry Skills 580
Understanding the Concepts 580
Additional Practice Problems 581
Challenge Problems 582
Answers 583
Lipids 586
CAREER Clinical Lipid Specialist 586
CLINICAL UPDATE Rebecca’s Program to Lower
Cholesterol 586
17.1 Lipids 587
17.2 Fatty Acids 588
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Omega·3 Fatty Acids
in Fish Oils 591
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH A Prostaglandin·like
Medication for Glaucoma That Also Thickens
Eyelashes 594
17.3 Waxes and Triacylglycerols 594
17.4 Chemical Properties of Triacylglycerols 599
17.5 Phospholipids 602
Contents xi
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Infant Respiratory
Distress Syndrome (IRDS) 605
17.6 Steroids: Cholesterol, Bile Salts, and Steroid
Hormones 607
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH A Steroid Receptor
Antagonist That Prevents the Development of Male
Sexual Characteristics 612
17.7 Cell Membranes 613
CLINICAL UPDATE Rebecca’s Program to Lower
Cholesterol 615
Concept Map 616
Chapter Review 617
Summary of Reactions 617
Key Terms 618
Core Chemistry Skills 618
Understanding the Concepts 619
Additional Practice Problems 619
Challenge Problems 620
Answers 621
Amines and
Amides 624
CAREER Environmental Health Practitioner 624
CLINICAL UPDATE Testing Soil and Water Samples
for Chemicals 624
18.1 Amines 625
18.2 Properties of Amines 629
18.3 Heterocyclic Amines 634
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Synthesizing Drugs
and Opioids 636
18.4 Neurotransmitters 637
18.5 Amides 643
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Amides in Health
and Medicine 646
18.6 Hydrolysis of Amides 648
CLINICAL UPDATE Testing Soil and Water Samples
for Chemicals 650
Concept Map 650
Chapter Review 651
Summary of Naming 651
Summary of Reactions 652
Key Terms 652
Core Chemistry Skills 653
Understanding the Concepts 653
Additional Practice Problems 654
Challenge Problems 655
Answers 655
Combining Ideas from Chapters 15 to 18 658
Answers 659xii Contents
Amino Acids
and Proteins 660
CAREER Hematology Nurse 660
CLINICAL UPDATE Jeremy’s Diagnosis and
Treatment for Sickle-Cell Anemia 660
19.1 Proteins and Amino Acids 661
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Cystinuria 664
19.2 Proteins: Primary Structure 665
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Essential Amino
Acids and Complete Proteins 669
19.3 Proteins: Secondary Structure 670
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Protein Secondary
Structures and Alzheimer’s Disease 672
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Keratoconus 673
19.4 Proteins: Tertiary and Quaternary
Structures 674
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Sickle-Cell
Anemia 678
19.5 Protein Hydrolysis and Denaturation 679
CLINICAL UPDATE Jeremy’s Diagnosis and
Treatment for Sickle-Cell Anemia 681
Concept Map 682
Chapter Review 683
Key Terms 683
Core Chemistry Skills 684
Understanding the Concepts 684
Additional Practice Problems 685
Challenge Problems 685
Understanding Protein Structures 686
Answers 686
Enzymes and
Vitamins 688
CAREER Physician Assistant 688
CLINICAL UPDATE Noah’s Diet for lactose
Intolerance 688
20.1 Enzymes and Enzyme Action 689
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Fabry Disease 689
20.2 Classification of Enzymes 693
20.3 Factors Affecting Enzyme Activity 696
20.4 Regulation of Enzyme Activity 699
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH isoenzymes
Diagnostic Tools 702
20.5 Enzyme Inhibition 703
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Taking
Advantages of Enzyme Inhibition to Treat Cancer:
imatinib 705
20.6 Enzyme Cofactors and Vitamins 708
CLINICAL UPDATE Noah’s Diet for lactose
Intolerance 713
Concept Map 714
Chapter Review 715
Key Terms 715
Core Chemistry Skills 716
Understanding the Concepts 717
Additional Practice Problems 717
Challenge Problems 719
Answers 719
21
Nucleic Acids
and Protein
Synthesis 121
CAREER Histology Technician 721
CLINICAL UPDATE Ellen’s Medical Treatment
Following Breast Cancer Surgery 721
21.1 Components of Nucleic Acids 722
21.2 Primary Structure of Nucleic Acids 725
21.3 DN A Double Helix and Replication 727
21.4 RN A and Transcription 732
21.5 The Genetic Code and Protein
Synthesis 737
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Cataracts 741
21.6 Genetic Mutations 742
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Ehlers-Danlos
Syndrome 746
21 .7 Recombinant DN A 747
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Protein
Sequencing 748
21.8 Viruses 750
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Cancer 753CLINICAL UPDATE Ellen’s Medical Treatment
Following Breast Cancer Surgery 754
Concept Map 755
Chapter Review 756
Key Terms 757
Core Chemistry Skills 757
Understanding the Concepts 758
Additional Practice Problems 758
Challenge Problems 759
Answers 759
Combining Ideas from Chapters 19 to 21 762
Answers 763
Metabolic
Pathways for
Carbohydrates 764
CAREER Hepatology Nurse 764
CLINICAL UPDATE Philip’s Diet for von Gierke’s
Disease 764
22.1 Metabolism and Energy 765
22.2 Important Coenzymes in Metabolic
Pathways 771
22.3 Digestion of Carbohydrates 774
22.4 Glycolysis: Oxidation of Glucose 775
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Galactosemia 780
22.5 Pathways for Pyruvate 783
22.6 Glycogen Synthesis and Degradation 786
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Glycogen Storage
Diseases (GSDs) 788
22.7 Gluconeogenesis: Glucose Synthesis 790
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Glucocorticoids and
Steroid·lnduced Diabetes 794
CLINICAL UPDATE Philip’s Diet for von Gierke’s
Disease 795
Concept Map 796
Chapter Review 796
Summary of Reactions 797
Key Terms 797
Core Chemistry Skills 798
Understanding the Concepts 798
Additional Practice Problems 799
Challenge Problems 800
Answers 800
Metabolism
and Energy
Production 802
CAREER Physical Therapist 802
Contents xiii
CLINICAL UPDATE Increasing Brian’s Functional
Capacity 802
23.1 The Citric Acid Cycle 803
23.2 Electron Transport and ATP 810
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Toxins: Inhibitors of
Electron Transport 812
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Uncouplers of ATP
Synthase 814
23.3 ATP Energy from Glucose 815
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Efficiency of ATP
Production 818
CLINICAL UPDATE Increasing Brian’s Functional
Capacity 819
Concept Map 819
Chapter Review 820
Summary of Reactions 820
Key Terms 820
Core Chemistry Skills 821
Understanding the Concepts 821
Additional Practice Problems 822
Challenge Problems 822
Answers 823
Metabolic
Pathways for
Lipids and
Amino Acids 825
CAREER Public Health Nurse (PHN) 825
CLINICAL UPDATE Treatment of Luke’s
Hepatitis C 825
24.1 Digestion of Triacylglycerols 826
24.2 Oxidation of Fatty Acids 828xiv Contents
24.3 ATP and Fatty Acid Oxidation 833
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Jamaican Vomiting
Sickness 835
24.4 Ketogenesis and Ketone Bodies 836
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Diabetes and Ketone
Bodies 837
24.5 Fatty Acid Synthesis 838
24.6 Degradation of Proteins and Amino Acids 843
24.7 Urea Cycle 847
24.8 Fates of the Carbon Atoms from Amino Acids 850
24.9 Synthesis of Amino Acids 852
CHEMISTRY LINK TO HEALTH Phenylketonuria
(PKU) 853
CLINICAL UPDATE Treatment of luke’s
Hepatitis C 855
Concept Map 855
Chapter Review 856
Summary of Reactions 857
Key Terms 858
Core Chemistry Skills 858
Understanding the Concepts 858
Additional Practice Problems 859
Challenge Problems 860
Answers 860
Combining Ideas from Chapters 22 to 24 862
Answers 862
Credits C-1
Glossary/ Index 1-1KEY MATH SKILLS
Identifying Place Values 10
Using Positive and Negative Numbers in Calculations 11
Calculating Percentages 12
Solving Equations 13
Interpreting Graphs 14
Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation 17
Rounding Off 33
Calculating pH from (H30 +) 400
Calculating [H301 from pH 403
CORE CHEMISTRY SKILLS
Counting Significant Figures 30
Using Significant Figures in Calculations 33
Using Prefixes 37
Writing Conversion Factors from Equalities 40
Using Conversion Factors 45
Using Density as a Conversion Factor 51
Identifying Physical and Chemical Changes 69
Converting Between Temperature Scales 71
Using Energy Units 75
Using the Heat Equation 81
Calculating Heat for Change of State 83
Counting Protons and Neutrons 110
Writing Atomic Symbols for Isotopes 113
Writing Electron Configurations 123
Using the Periodic Table to Write Electron
Configurations 126
Identifying Trends in Periodic Properties 130
Drawing Lewis Symbols 131
Writing Nuclear Equations 149
Using Half-Lives 160
Writing Positive and Negative Ions 176
Writing Ionic Formulas 181
Naming Ionic Compounds 182
Writing the Names and Formulas for Molecular
Compounds 191
Drawing Lewis Structures 195
Using Electronegativity 199
Predicting Shape 202
Identifying Polarity of Molecules 206
Identifying Intermolecular Forces 207
Balancing a Chemical Equation 227
Classifying Types of Chemical Reactions 231
Identifying Oxidized and Reduced Substances 236
Converting Part.isles to Moles 239
Calculating Molar Mass 243
Using Molar Mass as a Conversion Factor 245
Using Mole-Mole Factors 249
Converting Grams to Grams 251
Calculating Quantity of Product from a Limiting
Reactant 253
Calculating Percent Yield 256
Using the Heat of Reaction 260
Using the Gas Laws 281
Using the Ideal Gas Law 294
Calculating the Mass or Volume of a Gas in a Chemical
Reaction 296
Calculating Partial Pressure 298
Using Solubility Rules 322
Calculating Concentration 325
Using Concentration as a Conversion Factor 327
Calculating the Quantity of a Reactant or Product for a
Chemical Reaction in Solution 332
Calculating the Boiling Point/Freezing Point of a
Solution 340
Writing the Equilibrium Expression 363
Calculating an Equilibrium Constant 364
Calculating Equilibrium Concentrations 368
Using Le Chatelier’s Principle 370
Identifying Conjugate Acid- Base Pairs 386
Calculating [Hp+] and (OW] in Solutions 397
Writing Equations for Reactions of Acids and Bases 406
Calculating the Molarity or Volume of an Acid or Base in a
Titration 408
Calculating the pH of a Buffer 411
Naming and Drawing Alkanes 430
Writing Equations for Hydrogenation, Hydration, and
Polymerization 448
Identifying Alcohols, Phenols, and Thiols 468
Naming Alcohols and Phenols 468
Writing Equations for the Dehydration of Alcohols 481
Writing Equations for the Oxidation of Alcohols 482
Naming Aldehydes and Ketones 498
Forming Hemiacetals and Acetals 507
Identifying Chiral Molecules 526
Identifying o and L Fischer Projections for Carbohydrates 532
Drawing Haworth Structures 535
Naming Carboxylic Acids 561
Hydrolyzing Esters 575
Identifying Fatty Acids 588
Drawing Structures for Triacylglycerols 596
Drawing the Products for the Hydrogenation, Hydrolysis,
and Saponification of a Triacylglycerol 599
XVxv I Applications and Activities
Identifying the Steroid Nucleus 607
Forming Amides 643
Hydrolyzing Amid es 648
Drawing the Structure for an Amino Acid at
Physiological pH 664
Identifying the Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, and
Quaternary Structures of Proteins 674
Describing Enzyme Action 692
Classifying Enzymes 693
Identifying Factors Affecting Enzyme Activity 696
Describing the Role of Cofactors 708
Writing the Complementary DNA Strand 729
Writing the mRNA Segment for a DNA Template 735
Writing the Amino Acid for an mRNA Codon 738
Ide notifying Importa nt Coenzymes in Metabolism 771
Identifying the Compounds in Glycolysis 776
Identifying the Compounds and Enzymes in Glycogenesis
a and Glycogenolysis 786
Describing the Reactions in the Citric Acid Cycle 804
Calculating the ATP Produced from Glucose 816
Calculating the ATP from Fatty Acid Oxidation
({3 Oxidation) 833
Describing How Ketone Bodies a re Formed 836
Distinguishing Anabolic and Catabolic Pathways 853
Interactive Videos
Solving Equations 14
Conversion Factors 45
Chemical vs. Physical Changes 69
Rutherford’s Gold-Foil Experiment 108
Isotopes and Atomic Mass 116
Writing Equations for an Isotope Produced by
Bombardment 154
Half-Lives 160
Naming and Writing Ionic Formulas 185
Drawing Lewis Structures with Multiple Bonds 197
Problem 7.67 252
Kinetic Molecular Theory 276
Solutio ns 332
Acid-Base Titration 408
Calculating the pH of a Buffer 411
Naming Alkanes 435
Cis-Trans Isomers 445
In addition to an Asymmetric Bond 450
Oxidation of Alcohols 483
Chirality 526
Fischer Projections of Monosaccharides 533
Haworth Structures of Monosaccha rides 537
Study Check 16.8 576
Membrane Structure 614
React ions of Amines 632
Amino Acids at Physio logical p H 664
Different Levels of Protein Structure 676
Prote in Synthesis 739

Additional information

book-author

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life 6th Edition PDF – eBook”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *