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Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: A Global History, Volume I 16th Edition PDF – eBook

Author: Fred S. Kleiner
SKU: 1337696595

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  • Authors: Fred S. Kleiner (Author)
  • File Size: 168 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 634 pages
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning; 16th edition (January 1, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1337696595
  • ISBN-13: 978-1337696593

Download Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: A Global History, Volume I 16th Edition PDF – eBook

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Description

  • Authors: Fred S. Kleiner (Author)
  • File Size: 168 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 634 pages
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning; 16th edition (January 1, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1337696595
  • ISBN-13: 978-1337696593

Download Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: A Global History, Volume I 16th Edition PDF – eBook

Contents
Preface xi
Introduction
What Is Art History? 1
Art History in the 21st Century 2
Different Ways of Seeing 13
1 Art in the Stone Age 15
FRAMING THE ERA The Dawn of Art 15
Timeline 16
Paleolithic Art 16
Neolithic Art 23
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Represent an
Animal 17
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Painting in the Dark 20
■ a second opinion: The Meaning of Paleolithic Art 21
■ art and society: The Neolithic Temple at Göbekli Tepe 24
Map 1-1 Stone Age sites in Europe 16
Map 1-2 Neolithic sites in Anatolia and Mesopotamia 24
THE BIG PICTURE 29
2 Ancient Mesopotamia
and Persia 31
FRAMING THE ERA Pictorial Narration
in Ancient Sumer 31
Timeline 32
Mesopotamia 32
Persia 50
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Gods and Goddesses
of Mesopotamia 34
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Sumerian Votive Statuary 35
■ materials and techniques: Mesopotamian Seals 37
■ a second opinion: The Standard of Ur 38
■ art and society: Enheduanna, Priestess and Poet 42
■ the patron’s voice: Gudea of Lagash 43
■ art and society: Hammurabi’s Laws 45
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How Many Legs Does
a Lamassu Have? 47
■ written sources: Babylon, City of Wonders 50
Map 2-1 Ancient Mesopotamia and Persia 32
THE BIG PICTURE 55
3 Egypt from Narmer
to Cleopatra 57
FRAMING THE ERA Life after Death in
Ancient Egypt 57
Timeline 58
Egypt and Egyptology 58
Predynastic and Early Dynastic Periods 58
Old Kingdom 62
Middle Kingdom 69
New Kingdom 71
First Millennium bce 81
vi Contents
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Gods and Goddesses
of Mount Olympus 107
■ materials and techniques: Greek Vase Painting 110
■ Architectural basics: Greek Temple Plans 115
■ Architectural basics: Doric and Ionic Orders 116
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The Invention of Red-Figure
Painting 121
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Herakles, the Greatest Greek
Hero 126
■ materials and techniques: Hollow-Casting Life-Size
Bronze Statues 129
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Polykleitos’s Prescription
for the Perfect Statue 131
■ art and society: The Hegeso Stele 141
■ materials and techniques: White-Ground Painting 142
■ a second opinion: The Alexander Mosaic 150
■ Architectural basics: The Corinthian Capital 152
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Hippodamos’s Plan for the
Ideal City 154
Map 5-1 The Greek world 106
THE BIG PICTURE 163
6 The Etruscans 165
FRAMING THE ERA The Portal to the Etruscan
­Afterlife 165
Timeline 166
Etruria and the Etruscans 166
Early Etruscan Art 166
Later Etruscan Art 173
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Etruscan Counterparts
of Greco-Roman Gods and Heroes 167
■ written sources: Etruscan Artists in Rome 168
■ art and society: The “Audacity” of Etruscan Women 169
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Houses of the Dead in a City
of the Dead 170
■ a second opinion: The Capitoline Wolf 174
Map 6-1 Italy in Etruscan times 166
THE BIG PICTURE 179
7 The Roman Empire 181
FRAMING THE ERA The Roman Emperor as World
Conqueror 181
Timeline 182
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Gods and Goddesses
of Egypt 60
■ art and society: Mummification and Immortality 61
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Building the Pyramids
of Gizeh 64
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Portray a God-King 66
■ art and society: Hatshepsut, the Woman Who Would
Be King 72
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Illuminating Buildings
before Lightbulbs 75
■ a second opinion: Akhenaton 77
Map 3-1 Ancient Egypt 58
THE BIG PICTURE 83
4 The Prehistoric Aegean 85
FRAMING THE ERA Greece in the Age of Heroes 85
Timeline 86
Greece before Homer 86
Cycladic Art 87
Minoan Art 88
Mycenaean Art 97
■ a second opinion: Cycladic Statuettes 87
■ art and society: The Theran Eruption and the Chronology
of Aegean Art 92
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Fortified Palaces for a Hostile
World 96
■ Architectural basics: Corbeled Arches, Vaults, and
Domes 97
Map 4-1 The prehistoric Aegean 86
THE BIG PICTURE 103
5 Ancient Greece 105
FRAMING THE ERA The Perfect Temple 105
Timeline 106
The Greeks and Their Gods 106
Geometric and Orientalizing Periods 108
Archaic Period 111
Early and High Classical Periods 125
Late Classical Period 144
Hellenistic Period 153
Contents vii
Rome, Caput Mundi 182
Republic 183
Pompeii and the Cities of Vesuvius 189
Early Empire 201
High Empire 211
Late Empire 223
■ art and society: Who’s Who in the Roman World 183
■ Architectural basics: Roman Concrete Construction 186
■ art and society: Roman Ancestor Portraits 187
■ art and society: Art for Freed Slaves 190
■ written sources: An Eyewitness Account of the Eruption of
Mount Vesuvius 191
■ art and society: The Roman House 193
■ art and society: Role Playing in Roman Portraiture 200
■ the patron’s voice: The Res Gestae of Augustus 202
■ written sources: Vitruvius’s Ten Books on
Architecture 204
■ written sources: The Golden House of Nero 206
■ art and society: Spectacles in the Colosseum 207
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The Ancient World’s Largest
Dome 216
■ written sources: Hadrian and Apollodorus of
Damascus 217
■ materials and techniques: Iaia of Cyzicus and the Art
of Encaustic Painting 223
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Tetrarchic Portraiture 229
■ a second opinion: The Arch of Constantine 233
Map 7-1 The Roman Empire at the death of Trajan in
117 ce 182
THE BIG PICTURE 235
8 Late Antiquity 237
FRAMING THE ERA Polytheism and Monotheism
at Dura-Europos 237
Timeline 238
The Late Antique World 238
From the Soldier Emperors to the Sack
of Rome 238
From the Sack of Rome to Justinian 254
■ a second opinion: The Via Latina Catacomb 240
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Old Testament Subjects in
Christian Art 242
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Life of Jesus in
Art 244
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Early Christian Saints and
Their Attributes 246
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: What Should a Church
Look Like? 249
■ materials and techniques: Manuscript
Illumination 252
■ materials and techniques: Ivory Carving 253
■ materials and techniques: Mosaics 256
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Picturing the Spiritual
World 260
Map 8-1 The Mediterranean world in Late Antiquity 238
THE BIG PICTURE 261
9 Byzantium 263
FRAMING THE ERA Church and State United 263
Timeline 264
The Christian Roman Empire 264
Early Byzantine Art 265
Middle Byzantine Art 279
Late Byzantine Art 287
■ written sources: The Emperors of New Rome 267
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Placing a Dome over a
Square 270
■ a second opinion: The Vienna Genesis 276
■ art and society: Icons and Iconoclasm 278
■ art and society: Born to the Purple: Empress Zoe 282
Map 9-1 The Byzantine Empire at the death of Justinian
in 565 264
THE BIG PICTURE 291
10 The Islamic World 293
FRAMING THE ERA The Rise and Spread
of Islam 293
Timeline 294
Early Islamic Art 294
Later Islamic Art 306
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Muhammad and Islam 295
■ a second opinion: The Rock of the Dome of the Rock 296
■ art and society: Major Muslim Dynasties 297
viii Contents
■ Architectural basics: The Mosque 299
■ written sources: A Venetian Visitor to the Alhambra 307
■ written sources: Sinan the Great and the Mosque
of Selim II  310
■ materials and techniques: Islamic Tilework 311
■ art and society: Christian Patronage of Islamic Art 316
Map 10-1 The Islamic world around 1500 294
THE BIG PICTURE 317
11 Early Medieval Europe 319
FRAMING THE ERA Missionaries and the Beauty
of God’s Words 319
Timeline 320
Europe After the Fall of Rome 320
Merovingians and Anglo-Saxons 320
Vikings 323
Hiberno-Saxon Monasteries 324
Visigothic and Mozarabic Art 327
Carolingian Empire 328
Ottonian Empire 337
■ materials and techniques: Cloisonné 321
■ art and society: Early Medieval Ship Burials 322
■ art and society: Medieval Books 324
■ a second opinion: The Lindisfarne Saint Matthew 326
■ art and society: Charlemagne’s Renovatio Imperii
Romani 329
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Four Evangelists 331
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Illustrate a Psalm 332
■ written sources: Charlemagne’s Palatine Chapel at
Aachen 334
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Medieval Monasteries and
Benedictine Rule 336
■ art and society: Theophanu, a Byzantine Princess at the
Ottonian Court 342
Map 11-1 The Carolingian Empire at the death of Charlemagne
in 814 328
THE BIG PICTURE 345
12 Romanesque Europe 347
FRAMING THE ERA The Blessed and the Damned
on Judgment Day 347
Timeline 348
European Culture in the New Millennium 348
France and Northern Spain 348
Holy Roman Empire 364
Italy 370
Normandy and England 372
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Veneration of Relics 349
■ art and society: Pilgrimage Roads in France and Spain 350
■ written sources: The Burning of Canterbury Cathedral 353
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Stone Vaulting in Romanesque
Churches 354
■ a second opinion: The Rebirth of Large-Scale Sculpture
in Romanesque Europe 355
■ written sources: Bernard of Clairvaux on Cloister
­Sculpture 356
■ Architectural basics: The Romanesque Church Portal 358
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Crusades 360
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Illuminate a Nave 365
■ art and society: Romanesque Countesses, Queens, and
Nuns 367
■ materials and techniques: Embroidery and Tapestry 377
Map 12-1 Western Europe around 1100 350
THE BIG PICTURE 379
13 Gothic Europe North
of the Alps 381
FRAMING THE ERA The Birth of Gothic 381
Timeline 382
“Gothic” 382
France 382
Opus Francigenum outside France 407
■ the patron’s voice: Abbot Suger and the Rebuilding
of Saint-Denis 383
■ Architectural basics: The Gothic Rib Vault 387
■ art and society: Paris, the New Center of Medieval
Learning 388
■ Architectural basics: High Gothic Cathedrals 389
■ materials and techniques: Stained-Glass Windows 392
■ art and society: Louis IX, the Saintly King 398
■ a second opinion: Gothic Cathedrals and Gothic Cities 400
■ art and society: Gothic Book Production 402
Contents ix
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The Scissors Arches of Wells
Cathedral 409
Map 13-1 Europe around 1200 382
THE BIG PICTURE 417
14 Late Medieval Italy 419
FRAMING THE ERA Duccio di Buoninsegna 419
Timeline 420
Duecento (13th Century) 420
Trecento (14th Century) 424
■ art and society: Italian Artists’ Names 421
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Great Schism, Mendicant
Orders, and Confraternities 423
■ a second opinion: Pietro Cavallini 425
■ materials and techniques: Fresco Painting 428
■ the patron’s voice: Artists’ Guilds, Artistic Commissions,
and Artists’ Contracts 430
■ art and society: Artistic Training in Renaissance
Italy 434
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Cityscapes and Landscapes as
­Allegories 436
Map 14-1 Italy around 1400 420
THE BIG PICTURE 441
15 South and Southeast
Asia before 1200 443
FRAMING THE ERA The Great Stupa at Sanchi 443
Timeline 444
South Asia 444
Southeast Asia 462
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Buddha, Buddhism,
and Buddhist Iconography 447
■ the patron’s voice: Ashoka’s Sponsorship
of Buddhism 448
■ Architectural basics: The Stupa 450
■ materials and techniques: The Painted Caves
of Ajanta 455
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Hinduism and Hindu
­Iconography 456
■ a second opinion: The Ganges River or the Penance
of ­Arjuna? 459
■ Architectural basics: Hindu Temples 460
Map 15-1 South and Southeast Asian sites before 1200 444
THE BIG PICTURE 469
16 China and Korea to 1279 471
FRAMING THE ERA China’s First Emperor 471
Timeline 472
China 472
Korea 496
■ materials and techniques: Chinese Earthenwares
and Stonewares 473
■ materials and techniques: Shang Bronze-Casting 474
■ a second opinion: Sanxingdui 475
■ materials and techniques: Chinese Jade 476
■ materials and techniques: Silk and the Silk Road 477
■ Architectural basics: Chinese Wood Construction 480
■ artists on aRT: Xie He’s Six Canons 482
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Daoism and Confucianism 486
■ materials and techniques: Chinese Painting Materials
and Formats 489
■ the patron’s voice: Emperor Huizong’s Auspicious
Cranes 491
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Chan Buddhism 495
Map 16-1 China during the Tang dynasty 472
THE BIG PICTURE 499
17 Japan before 1333 501
FRAMING THE ERA Horyuji, Japan’s Oldest Buddhist
Temple 501
Timeline 502
Japan Before Buddhism 502
Buddhist Japan 506
■ a second opinion: Kofun Haniwa 504
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Shinto 505
■ written sources: Woman Writers and Calligraphers at the
Heian Imperial Court 511
■ art and society: Heian and Kamakura Artistic Workshops 514
Map 17-1 Japan before 1333 502
THE BIG PICTURE 517
x Contents
18 Native American
Cultures before 1300 519
FRAMING THE ERA Ancient Cities in a
New World 519
Timeline 520
The Ancient Americas 520
Mesoamerica 520
Central America and Northern Andes 536
South America 536
North America 544
■ materials and techniques: Mural Painting at
Teotihuacán 526
■ art and society: The Mesoamerican Ball Game 528
■ art and society: Human Sacrifice at Bonampak 531
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The Underworld, the Sun,
and Mesoamerican Pyramid Design 533
■ materials and techniques: Andean Weaving 539
■ art and society: Nasca Lines 540
■ a second opinion: Serpent Mound 546
Map 18-1 Early sites in Mesoamerica 521
Map 18-2 Early sites in Andean South America 537
Map 18-3 Early Native American sites in North America 544
THE BIG PICTURE 549
19 Africa before 1800 551
FRAMING THE ERA The Art of the Benin
­Kingdom 551
Timeline 552
African Peoples and Art Forms 552
Prehistory and Early Cultures 553
11th to 18th Centuries 556
■ art and society: Dating African Art and Identifying African
Artists 554
■ art and society: Art and Leadership in Africa 557
■ art and society: Ife Ruler Portraiture 558
■ a second opinion: The Seated Man from Tada 559
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: King Lalibela’s New Jerusalem
in Ethiopia 561
Map 19-1 Precolonial African peoples and sites 552
THE BIG PICTURE 565
Notes 566
Glossary 567
Bibliography 582
Credits 595
Index 599

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