Availability: In Stock

Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: A Global History 16th Edition PDF – eBook

Author: Fred S. Kleiner
SKU: 1337630705

$17.99

  • Authors: Fred S. Kleiner (Author)
  • File Size: 347 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 1274 pages
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning; 16th edition (January 1, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1337630705
  • ISBN-13: 978-1337630702

Download Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: A Global History 16th Edition PDF – eBook

Category: Tag:

Description

  • Authors: Fred S. Kleiner (Author)
  • File Size: 347 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 1274 pages
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning; 16th edition (January 1, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1337630705
  • ISBN-13: 978-1337630702

Download Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: A Global History 16th Edition PDF – eBook

Contents
Preface xxi
Introduction
What Is Art History? 1
Art History in the 21st Century 2
Different Ways of Seeing 13
1 Art in the Stone Age 15
FRAMING THE ERA The Dawn of Art 15
Timeline 16
Paleolithic Art 16
Neolithic Art 23
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Represent an
Animal 17
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Painting in the Dark 20
■ a second opinion: The Meaning of Paleolithic Art 21
■ art and society: The Neolithic Temple at Göbekli Tepe 24
Map 1-1 Stone Age sites in Europe 16
Map 1-2 Neolithic sites in Anatolia and Mesopotamia 24
THE BIG PICTURE 29
2 Ancient Mesopotamia
and Persia 31
FRAMING THE ERA Pictorial Narration
in Ancient Sumer 31
Timeline 32
Mesopotamia 32
Persia 50
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Gods and Goddesses
of Mesopotamia 34
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Sumerian Votive
Statuary 35
■ materials and techniques: Mesopotamian
Seals 37
■ a second opinion: The Standard of Ur 38
■ art and society: Enheduanna, Priestess and Poet 42
■ the patron’s voice: Gudea of Lagash 43
■ art and society: Hammurabi’s Laws 45
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How Many Legs Does
a Lamassu Have? 47
■ written sources: Babylon, City of Wonders 50
Map 2-1 Ancient Mesopotamia and Persia 32
THE BIG PICTURE 55
viii Contents
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Fortified Palaces for a Hostile
World 96
■ Architectural basics: Corbeled Arches, Vaults, and
Domes 97
Map 4-1 The prehistoric Aegean 86
THE BIG PICTURE 103
5 Ancient Greece 105
FRAMING THE ERA The Perfect Temple 105
Timeline 106
The Greeks and Their Gods 106
Geometric and Orientalizing Periods 108
Archaic Period 111
Early and High Classical Periods 125
Late Classical Period 144
Hellenistic Period 153
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Gods and Goddesses
of Mount Olympus 107
■ materials and techniques: Greek Vase Painting 110
■ Architectural basics: Greek Temple Plans 115
■ Architectural basics: Doric and Ionic Orders 116
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The Invention of Red-Figure
Painting 121
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Herakles, the Greatest Greek
Hero 126
■ materials and techniques: Hollow-Casting Life-Size
Bronze Statues 129
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Polykleitos’s Prescription
for the Perfect Statue 131
■ art and society: The Hegeso Stele 141
■ materials and techniques: White-Ground Painting 142
■ a second opinion: The Alexander Mosaic 150
■ Architectural basics: The Corinthian Capital 152
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Hippodamos’s Plan for the
Ideal City 154
Map 5-1 The Greek world 106
THE BIG PICTURE 163
3 Egypt from Narmer
to Cleopatra 57
FRAMING THE ERA Life after Death in
Ancient Egypt 57
Timeline 58
Egypt and Egyptology 58
Predynastic and Early Dynastic Periods 58
Old Kingdom 62
Middle Kingdom 69
New Kingdom 71
First Millennium bce 81
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Gods and Goddesses
of Egypt 60
■ art and society: Mummification and Immortality 61
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Building the Pyramids
of Gizeh 64
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Portray a God-King 66
■ art and society: Hatshepsut, the Woman Who Would
Be King 72
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Illuminating Buildings
before Lightbulbs 75
■ a second opinion: Akhenaton 77
Map 3-1 Ancient Egypt 58
THE BIG PICTURE 83
4 The Prehistoric Aegean 85
FRAMING THE ERA Greece in the Age of Heroes 85
Timeline 86
Greece before Homer 86
Cycladic Art 87
Minoan Art 88
Mycenaean Art 97
■ a second opinion: Cycladic Statuettes 87
■ art and society: The Theran Eruption and the Chronology
of Aegean Art 92
Contents ix
6 The Etruscans 165
FRAMING THE ERA The Portal to the Etruscan
­Afterlife 165
Timeline 166
Etruria and the Etruscans 166
Early Etruscan Art 166
Later Etruscan Art 173
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Etruscan Counterparts
of Greco-Roman Gods and Heroes 167
■ written sources: Etruscan Artists in Rome 168
■ art and society: The “Audacity” of Etruscan Women 169
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Houses of the Dead in a City
of the Dead 170
■ a second opinion: The Capitoline Wolf 174
Map 6-1 Italy in Etruscan times 166
THE BIG PICTURE 179
7 The Roman Empire 181
FRAMING THE ERA The Roman Emperor as World
Conqueror 181
Timeline 182
Rome, Caput Mundi 182
Republic 183
Pompeii and the Cities of Vesuvius 189
Early Empire 201
High Empire 211
Late Empire 223
■ art and society: Who’s Who in the Roman World 183
■ Architectural basics: Roman Concrete Construction 186
■ art and society: Roman Ancestor Portraits 187
■ art and society: Art for Freed Slaves 190
■ written sources: An Eyewitness Account of the Eruption of
Mount Vesuvius 191
■ art and society: The Roman House 193
■ art and society: Role Playing in Roman Portraiture 200
■ the patron’s voice: The Res Gestae of Augustus 202
■ written sources: Vitruvius’s Ten Books on
Architecture 204
■ written sources: The Golden House of Nero 206
■ art and society: Spectacles in the Colosseum 207
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The Ancient World’s Largest
Dome 216
■ written sources: Hadrian and Apollodorus of
Damascus 217
■ materials and techniques: Iaia of Cyzicus and the Art
of Encaustic Painting 223
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Tetrarchic Portraiture 229
■ a second opinion: The Arch of Constantine 233
Map 7-1 The Roman Empire at the death of Trajan in
117 ce 182
THE BIG PICTURE 235
8 Late Antiquity 237
FRAMING THE ERA Polytheism and Monotheism
at Dura-Europos 237
Timeline 238
The Late Antique World 238
From the Soldier Emperors to the Sack
of Rome 238
From the Sack of Rome to Justinian 254
■ a second opinion: The Via Latina Catacomb 240
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Old Testament Subjects in
Christian Art 242
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Life of Jesus in
Art 244
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Early Christian Saints and
Their Attributes 246
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: What Should a Church
Look Like? 249
■ materials and techniques: Manuscript
Illumination 252
■ materials and techniques: Ivory Carving 253
■ materials and techniques: Mosaics 256
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Picturing the Spiritual
World 260
Map 8-1 The Mediterranean world in Late Antiquity 238
THE BIG PICTURE 261
x Contents
9 Byzantium 263
FRAMING THE ERA Church and State United 263
Timeline 264
The Christian Roman Empire 264
Early Byzantine Art 265
Middle Byzantine Art 279
Late Byzantine Art 287
■ written sources: The Emperors of New Rome 267
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Placing a Dome over a
Square 270
■ a second opinion: The Vienna Genesis 276
■ art and society: Icons and Iconoclasm 278
■ art and society: Born to the Purple: Empress Zoe 282
Map 9-1 The Byzantine Empire at the death of Justinian
in 565 264
THE BIG PICTURE 291
10 The Islamic World 293
FRAMING THE ERA The Rise and Spread
of Islam 293
Timeline 294
Early Islamic Art 294
Later Islamic Art 306
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Muhammad and Islam 295
■ a second opinion: The Rock of the Dome of the
Rock 296
■ art and society: Major Muslim Dynasties 297
■ Architectural basics: The Mosque 299
■ written sources: A Venetian Visitor to the
Alhambra 307
■ written sources: Sinan the Great and the Mosque
of Selim II  310
■ materials and techniques: Islamic Tilework 311
■ art and society: Christian Patronage of Islamic Art 316
Map 10-1 The Islamic world around 1500 294
THE BIG PICTURE 317
11 Early Medieval Europe 319
FRAMING THE ERA Missionaries and the Beauty
of God’s Words 319
Timeline 320
Europe After the Fall of Rome 320
Merovingians and Anglo-Saxons 320
Vikings 323
Hiberno-Saxon Monasteries 324
Visigothic and Mozarabic Art 327
Carolingian Empire 328
Ottonian Empire 337
■ materials and techniques: Cloisonné 321
■ art and society: Early Medieval Ship Burials 322
■ art and society: Medieval Books 324
■ a second opinion: The Lindisfarne Saint Matthew 326
■ art and society: Charlemagne’s Renovatio Imperii
Romani 329
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Four Evangelists 331
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Illustrate a
Psalm 332
■ written sources: Charlemagne’s Palatine Chapel at
Aachen 334
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Medieval Monasteries and
Benedictine Rule 336
■ art and society: Theophanu, a Byzantine Princess at the
Ottonian Court 342
Map 11-1 The Carolingian Empire at the death of Charlemagne
in 814 328
THE BIG PICTURE 345
12 Romanesque Europe 347
FRAMING THE ERA The Blessed and the Damned
on Judgment Day 347
Timeline 348
European Culture in the New Millennium 348
France and Northern Spain 348
Holy Roman Empire 364
Contents xi
Italy 370
Normandy and England 372
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Veneration of Relics 349
■ art and society: Pilgrimage Roads in France and Spain 350
■ written sources: The Burning of Canterbury Cathedral 353
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Stone Vaulting in Romanesque
Churches 354
■ a second opinion: The Rebirth of Large-Scale Sculpture
in Romanesque Europe 355
■ written sources: Bernard of Clairvaux on Cloister
­Sculpture 356
■ Architectural basics: The Romanesque Church Portal 358
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Crusades 360
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Illuminate a Nave 365
■ art and society: Romanesque Countesses, Queens, and
Nuns 367
■ materials and techniques: Embroidery and Tapestry 377
Map 12-1 Western Europe around 1100 350
THE BIG PICTURE 379
13 Gothic Europe North
of the Alps 381
FRAMING THE ERA The Birth of Gothic 381
Timeline 382
“Gothic” 382
France 382
Opus Francigenum outside France 407
■ the patron’s voice: Abbot Suger and the Rebuilding
of Saint-Denis 383
■ Architectural basics: The Gothic Rib Vault 387
■ art and society: Paris, the New Center of Medieval
Learning 388
■ Architectural basics: High Gothic Cathedrals 389
■ materials and techniques: Stained-Glass Windows 392
■ art and society: Louis IX, the Saintly King 398
■ a second opinion: Gothic Cathedrals and Gothic Cities 400
■ art and society: Gothic Book Production 402
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The Scissors Arches of Wells
Cathedral 409
Map 13-1 Europe around 1200 382
THE BIG PICTURE 417
14 Late Medieval Italy 419
FRAMING THE ERA Duccio di Buoninsegna 419
Timeline 420
Duecento (13th Century) 420
Trecento (14th Century) 424
■ art and society: Italian Artists’ Names 421
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Great Schism, Mendicant
Orders, and Confraternities 423
■ a second opinion: Pietro Cavallini 425
■ materials and techniques: Fresco Painting 428
■ the patron’s voice: Artists’ Guilds, Artistic Commissions,
and Artists’ Contracts 430
■ art and society: Artistic Training in Renaissance Italy 434
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Cityscapes and Landscapes
as ­Allegories 436
Map 14-1 Italy around 1400 420
THE BIG PICTURE 441
15 South and Southeast Asia
before 1200 443
FRAMING THE ERA The Great Stupa
at Sanchi 443
Timeline 444
South Asia 444
Southeast Asia 462
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: The Buddha, Buddhism,
and Buddhist Iconography 447
■ the patron’s voice: Ashoka’s Sponsorship
of Buddhism 448
■ Architectural basics: The Stupa 450
■ materials and techniques: The Painted Caves
of Ajanta 455
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Hinduism and Hindu
­Iconography 456
■ a second opinion: The Ganges River or the Penance
of ­Arjuna? 459
■ Architectural basics: Hindu Temples 460
Map 15-1 South and Southeast Asian sites before 1200 444
THE BIG PICTURE 469
xii Contents
16 China and Korea to 1279 471
FRAMING THE ERA China’s First Emperor 471
Timeline 472
China 472
Korea 496
■ materials and techniques: Chinese Earthenwares
and Stonewares 473
■ materials and techniques: Shang Bronze-Casting 474
■ a second opinion: Sanxingdui 475
■ materials and techniques: Chinese Jade 476
■ materials and techniques: Silk and the Silk Road 477
■ Architectural basics: Chinese Wood Construction 480
■ artists on aRT: Xie He’s Six Canons 482
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Daoism and Confucianism 486
■ materials and techniques: Chinese Painting Materials
and Formats 489
■ the patron’s voice: Emperor Huizong’s Auspicious
Cranes 491
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Chan Buddhism 495
Map 16-1 China during the Tang dynasty 472
THE BIG PICTURE 499
17 Japan before 1333 501
FRAMING THE ERA Horyuji, Japan’s Oldest Buddhist
Temple 501
Timeline 502
Japan Before Buddhism 502
Buddhist Japan 506
■ a second opinion: Kofun Haniwa 504
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Shinto 505
■ written sources: Woman Writers and Calligraphers at the
Heian Imperial Court 511
■ art and society: Heian and Kamakura Artistic
Workshops 514
Map 17-1 Japan before 1333 502
THE BIG PICTURE 517
18 Native American Cultures
before 1300 519
FRAMING THE ERA Ancient Cities in a
New World 519
Timeline 520
The Ancient Americas 520
Mesoamerica 520
Central America and Northern Andes 536
South America 536
North America 544
■ materials and techniques: Mural Painting at
Teotihuacán 526
■ art and society: The Mesoamerican Ball Game 528
■ art and society: Human Sacrifice at Bonampak 531
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The Underworld, the Sun,
and Mesoamerican Pyramid Design 533
■ materials and techniques: Andean Weaving 539
■ art and society: Nasca Lines 540
■ a second opinion: Serpent Mound 546
Map 18-1 Early sites in Mesoamerica 521
Map 18-2 Early sites in Andean South America 537
Map 18-3 Early Native American sites in North America 544
THE BIG PICTURE 549
19 Africa before 1800 551
FRAMING THE ERA The Art of the Benin
­Kingdom 551
Timeline 552
African Peoples and Art Forms 552
Prehistory and Early Cultures 553
11th to 18th Centuries 556
■ art and society: Dating African Art and Identifying African
Artists 554
■ art and society: Art and Leadership in Africa 557
■ art and society: Ife Ruler Portraiture 558
■ a second opinion: The Seated Man from Tada 559
Contents xiii
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: King Lalibela’s New Jerusalem
in Ethiopia 561
Map 19-1 Precolonial African peoples and sites 552
THE BIG PICTURE 565
20 Late Medieval and Early
Renaissance Northern Europe 567
FRAMING THE ERA Rogier van der Weyden
and Saint Luke 567
Timeline 568
Northern Europe in the 15th Century 568
The French Ducal Courts 568
Flanders 575
France 585
Holy Roman Empire 586
■ materials and techniques: Tempera and Oil
Painting 574
■ a second opinion: Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife 577
■ materials and techniques: Framed Paintings 578
■ art and society: The Artist’s Profession in Flanders 580
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Illustrate Printed
Books 589
■ materials and techniques: Engraving and Etching 590
Map 20-1 France, the duchy of Burgundy, and the Holy Roman
­Empire in 1477 568
THE BIG PICTURE 591
21 The Renaissance in
Quattrocento Italy 593
FRAMING THE ERA The Medici, Botticelli,
and Classical Antiquity 593
Timeline 594
Renaissance Humanism 594
Florence 594
Venice 621
The Princely Courts 624
Milan 632
■ artists on aRT: The Commentarii of Lorenzo
Ghiberti 596
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Linear Perspective 599
■ art and society: Imitation and Emulation in Renaissance
Art 606
■ art and society: Italian Renaissance Family Chapel
­Endowments 617
■ artists on aRT: Leon Battista Alberti’s On the Art
of Building 620
■ written sources: The Tomb of Doge Pietro
Mocenigo 622
■ art and society: Art in the Princely Courts
of Renaissance ­Italy 625
■ a second opinion: Piero della Francesca’s
Flagellation 627
Map 21-1 Renaissance Florence 615
THE BIG PICTURE 633
22 Renaissance and Mannerism
in Cinquecento Italy 635
FRAMING THE ERA Michelangelo, Pope Julius II,
and the Sistine Chapel 635
Timeline 636
High Renaissance 636
Mannerism 668
Late Renaissance 676
■ artists on aRT: Leonardo and Michelangelo on Painting versus
Sculpture 637
■ materials and techniques: Renaissance
Drawings 640
■ written sources: Giorgio Vasari’s Lives 648
■ the patron’s voice: The Council of Trent 654
■ a second opinion: Giorgione’s Tempest 662
■ art and society: Women in the Renaissance Art
World 666
■ artists on aRT: Palma il Giovane on Titian 667
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Impress a
Pope 669
■ the patron’s voice: Federigo Gonzaga, Giulio Romano,
and the Palazzo del Tè 674
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Rethinking the Basilican
Church 682
Map 22-1 Rome with Renaissance and Baroque
monuments 656
THE BIG PICTURE 683
xiv Contents
23 High Renaissance and
Mannerism in Northern Europe
and Spain 685
FRAMING THE ERA Netherlandish Mores and the
Pursuit of Wealth 685
Timeline 686
Northern Europe in the 16th Century 686
Germany 686
The Netherlands 697
France 702
Spain 705
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Catholic versus Protestant Views
of Salvation 691
■ art and society: Witchcraft and the Macabre 693
■ a second opinion: Hieronymus Bosch’s Garden of Earthly
Delights 696
■ the patron’s voice: Francis I, Royal Art Patron and
Collector 703
Map 23-1 Europe in the early 16th century 688
THE BIG PICTURE 709
24 The Baroque in Italy
and Spain 711
FRAMING THE ERA Mystical Drama in a Baroque
Chapel 711
Timeline 712
“Baroque” Art and Architecture 712
Italy 712
Spain and New Spain 729
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Completing Saint Peter’s 714
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Rethinking the Church ­Facade 717
■ written sources: Giovanni Pietro Bellori on Annibale
Carracci and Caravaggio 722
■ artists on aRT: The Letters of Artemisia Gentileschi 725
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: How to Make a Ceiling
­Disappear 728
■ the patron’s voice: Velázquez and Philip IV 733
■ a second opinion: Diego Veláquez’s Las Meninas 734
Map 24-1 Vatican City 713
THE BIG PICTURE 737
25 The Baroque in Northern
Europe 739
FRAMING THE ERA International Trade and Art
Patronage in the Dutch Republic 739
Timeline 740
War and Trade in Northern Europe 740
Flanders 741
Dutch Republic 746
France 757
England 767
■ artists on aRT: Rubens on Consequences of War 743
■ art and society: The Art Market in the Dutch Republic 747
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Frans Hals’s Group P
ortraits 748
■ materials and techniques: Rembrandt’s Use of Light and
Shade 751
■ a second opinion: Johannes Vermeer’s Allegory of the Art of
Painting 755
■ art and society: The Sun King’s Palace at Versailles 759
■ artists on aRT: Poussin’s Notes for a Treatise on Painting 762
Map 25-1 Europe in 1648 after the Peace of Westphalia 740
THE BIG PICTURE 769
26 Rococo to Neoclassicism:
The 18th Century in Europe and
America 771
FRAMING THE ERA The Enlightenment,
Angelica Kauffman, and Neoclassicism 771
Timeline 772
A Century of Revolutions 772
Rococo 772
The Enlightenment 778
“Natural” Art 781
Neoclassicism 789
■ written sources: Femmes Savantes and Salon Culture 773
■ art and society: Joseph Wright of Derby and the Industrial
Revolution 780
■ written sources: Diderot on Chardin and Boucher 782
■ art and society: Vigée Le Brun, Labille-Guiard, and the
French Royal Academy 784
Contents xv
■ art and society: Grand Manner Portraiture 786
■ art and society: The Grand Tour and Veduta
Painting 788
■ art and society: The Excavations of Herculaneum and
Pompeii 790
■ written sources: Winckelmann and the History of Classical
Art 791
■ artists on aRT: Jacques-Louis David on Greek Style
and Public Art 792
■ art and society: Hagley Park and English Picturesque
Gardens 795
■ the patron’s voice: Thomas Jefferson, Patron and
Practitioner 797
THE BIG PICTURE 799
27 Romanticism, Realism,
Photography: Europe and America,
1800 to 1870 801
FRAMING THE ERA Napoleon in Jaffa 801
Timeline 802
Political, Industrial, and Artistic Revolutions 802
Art under Napoleon 803
Romanticism 808
Realism 822
Architecture 836
Photography 842
■ the patron’s voice: The Coronation of Napoleon 805
■ art and society: The Romantic Spirit in Art, Music,
and ­Literature 813
■ written sources: Friedrich’s Wanderer above a Sea
of Mist 817
■ artists on aRT: John Constable on Landscape
Painting 818
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Unleashing the Emotive
Power of Color 819
■ artists on aRT: Thomas Cole on the American
Landscape 820
■ artists on aRT: Gustave Courbet on Realism 823
■ materials and techniques: Lithography 826
■ a second opinion: Edmonia Lewis’s Forever Free 834
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: What Should a Museum Look
Like? 836
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Prefabricated
Architecture 841
■ materials and techniques: Daguerreotypes,
Calotypes, and Wet-Plate Photography 842
Map 27-1 The Napoleonic Empire in 1812 802
Map 27-2 Europe around 1850 803
THE BIG PICTURE 847
28 Impressionism, PostImpressionism, Symbolism: Europe
and America, 1870 to 1900 849
FRAMING THE ERA Impressions of Modern
Life 849
Timeline 850
Industrialization and Modernism 850
Impressionism 850
Post-Impressionism 860
Symbolism 871
Sculpture 876
Decorative Arts and Architecture 878
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Painting Impressions of Light
and Color 851
■ art and society: Academic Salons and Independent Art
­Exhibitions 853
■ artists on aRT: Renoir on the Art of Painting 856
■ a second opinion: Manet at the Folies-Bergère 857
■ art and society: Japonisme 858
■ artists on aRT: Whistler on “Artistic Arrangements” 859
■ art and society: Women Impressionists 860
■ materials and techniques: Pointillism and 19th-Century
Color Theory 863
■ artists on aRT: The Letters of Vincent van Gogh 865
■ artists on aRT: Gauguin on Where Do We Come From? 867
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Making Impressionism Solid
and Enduring 869
■ written sources: Albert Aurier on Symbolism 870
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Painting Psychic Life 874
■ artists on aRT: Rodin on Movement in Art and
Photography 876
■ art and society: The Arts and Crafts Movement 879
xvi Contents
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: The First Skyscrapers 883
Map 28-1 France around 1870 with towns along the Seine 852
THE BIG PICTURE 885
29 Modernism in Europe,
1900 to 1945 887
FRAMING THE ERA Picasso Disrupts the Western
Pictorial Tradition 887
Timeline 888
Global Upheaval and Artistic Revolution 888
Fauvism 889
German Expressionism 891
Cubism 895
Orphism and the Machine Aesthetic 902
Futurism 904
Dada 906
Suprematism and Constructivism 910
Neue Sachlichkeit 912
Surrealism 915
De Stijl 922
Sculpture 923
Architecture 926
■ artists on aRT: Henri Matisse on Color 890
■ art and society: Science and Art in the Early
20th Century 893
■ art and society: Gertrude and Leo Stein and the
­Avant-Garde 896
■ art and society: Primitivism and Colonialism 897
■ artists on aRT: Pablo Picasso on Cubism 899
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Delaunay, Orphism, and the
­Representation of Modern Life 903
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Léger, the Machine Aesthetic,
and the Representation of Modern Life 904
■ artists on aRT: Futurist Manifestos 905
■ a second opinion: Hannah Höch’s Dada
Photomontage 909
■ written sources: André Breton’s First Surrealist
Manifesto 916
■ art and society: Degenerate Art 918
■ artists on aRT: Piet Mondrian on Neoplasticism 922
■ artists on aRT: Brancusi, Hepworth, and Moore on Abstract
Sculpture 924
■ artists on aRT: Walter Gropius and the Bauhaus 928
Map 29-1 Europe at the end of World War I  888
THE BIG PICTURE 931
30 Modernism in the United States
and Mexico, 1900 to 1945 933
FRAMING THE ERA Aaron Douglas, Europe, Africa,
and America 933
Timeline 934
American Art at the Turn of the Century 934
Painting 934
Photography and Sculpture 947
Architecture 950
■ art and society: The Armory Show 935
■ art and society: Art “Matronage” in the United States 938
■ art and society: Jacob Lawrence’s Migration of the
Negro 942
■ a second opinion: Grant Wood’s American Gothic 943
■ artists on art: Diego Rivera on Art for the People 945
■ artists on art: Alfred Stieglitz on “Straight
Photography” 947
■ the patron’s voice: The Museum of Modern Art as
Collector and Patron 951
■ artists on Art: Frank Lloyd Wright on Organic
Architecture 953
THE BIG PICTURE 955
31 Modernism and Postmodernism in Europe and America,
1945 to 1980 957
FRAMING THE ERA After Modernism: Postmodernist
Architecture 957
Timeline 958
The Aftermath of World War II  958
Painting, Sculpture, and Photography 958
Contents xvii
Architecture and Site-­Specific Art 987
Performance and Conceptual Art and
New Media 995
■ artists on art: Jean Dubuffet on Crude Art 960
■ written sources: Greenbergian Formalism 962
■ artists on aRT: Jackson Pollock on Easel and Mural
Painting 963
■ artists on aRT: Helen Frankenthaler on Color-Field
Painting 968
■ artists on aRT: David Smith on Outdoor Sculpture 970
■ artists on aRT: Donald Judd on Sculpture and Industrial
Materials 971
■ art and society: Pop Art and Consumer Culture 974
■ artists on aRT: Roy Lichtenstein on Pop Art and Comic
Books 976
■ artists on aRT: James Rosenquist on F-111 978
■ artists on aRT: Chuck Close on Photorealist Portrait
Painting 980
■ art and society: Robert Frank’s The Americans 982
■ artists on aRT: Judy Chicago on The Dinner Party 984
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Robert Venturi and Postmodernist
Complexity and Contradiction 991
■ artists on aRT: Philip Johnson on Postmodern
­Architecture 992
■ a second opinion: The Portland Building 993
■ artists on aRT: Robert Smithson on Spiral Jetty 994
■ artists on aRT: Carolee Schneemann on Painting, Performance
Art, and Art History 996
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Rethinking “Art”:
Conceptual Art 998
THE BIG PICTURE 1001
32 Contemporary Art
Worldwide 1003
FRAMING THE ERA Art as Sociopolitical
Message 1003
Timeline 1004
Art Today 1004
Personal and Group Identity 1004
Political and Social Commentary 1013
Representation and Abstraction 1017
Electronic and Digital Media 1026
Installation and Site-Specific Art 1027
Architecture 1034
■ art and society: Public Funding of Controversial Art 1009
■ artists on aRT: Shirin Neshat on Iran after the
­Revolution 1012
■ artists on aRT: Leon Golub on Mercenaries 1014
■ art and society: Damien Hirst’s Wreck of the
Unbelievable 1020
■ materials and techniques: Rethinking the Shape of
Painting 1023
■ art and society: Maya Lin’s Vietnam Veterans
Memorial 1031
■ a second opinion: Richard Serra’s Tilted Arc 1033
■ artists on aRT: Frank Gehry on Architectural Design and
Materials 1037
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Norman Foster, the Gherkin,
and Green Architectural Design 1040
THE BIG PICTURE 1041
33 South and Southeast Asia,
1200 to 1980 1043
FRAMING THE ERA Painting at the Mughal
Imperial Court 1043
Timeline 1044
India 1044
Southeast Asia 1053
■ the patron’s voice: The Qutb Minar and the Triumph
of ­Islam 1045
■ materials and techniques: Indian Miniature
Painting 1047
■ written sources: Abd al-Hamid Lahori on the
Taj Mahal 1049
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Victoria Terminus as Cathedral
of Modernization 1051
Map 33-1 South and Southeast Asia, 1200 to 1980 1044
THE BIG PICTURE 1057
xviii Contents
34 China and Korea,
1279 to 1980 1059
FRAMING THE ERA The Son of Heaven and the
­Forbidden City 1059
Timeline 1060
China 1060
Korea 1071
■ materials and techniques: Calligraphy and Inscriptions
on Chinese Paintings 1061
■ materials and techniques: Chinese Porcelain 1063
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Planning an Unplanned
Garden 1065
■ materials and techniques: Lacquered Wood 1066
Map 34-1 China during the Ming dynasty 1060
THE BIG PICTURE 1073
35 Japan, 1333 to 1980 1075
FRAMING THE ERA Famous Views of Edo 1075
Timeline 1076
Muromachi 1076
Momoyama 1079
Edo 1083
Meiji and Showa 1088
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Zen Buddhism 1077
■ written sources: Sesshu Toyo 1078
■ a second opinion: The Rock Garden of Ryoanji 1079
■ art and society: The Japanese Tea Ceremony 1082
■ materials and techniques: Japanese Woodblock
Prints 1086
Map 35-1 Modern Japan 1076
THE BIG PICTURE 1091
36 Native American Cultures,
1300 to 1980 1093
FRAMING THE ERA The Founding of
Tenochtitlán 1093
Timeline 1094
Mesoamerica 1094
South America 1099
North America 1102
■ materials and techniques: Mesoamerican Illustrated
Books 1095
■ RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY: Aztec Religion 1097
■ PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS: Inka Record-Keeping and the
Khipu 1100
■ art and society: Gender Roles in Native American Art 1104
■ art and society: Kwakwaka’wakw Transformation
Masks 1106
Map 36-1 Mixteca-Puebla and Aztec sites in Mesoamerica 1094
Map 36-2 Inka sites in Andean South America 1099
Map 36-3 Later Native American sites in North America 1103
THE BIG PICTURE 1111
37 Oceania before 1980 1113
FRAMING THE ERA Maori Men’s Meeting
Houses 1113
Timeline 1114
Island Cultures of the South Pacific 1114
Australia and Melanesia 1115
Micronesia 1121
Polynesia 1123
■ art and society: Asmat Headhunting and Bisj Poles 1116
■ art and society: Women’s Roles in Oceania 1122
■ a second opinion: The Moai of Rapa Nui 1123
■ materials and techniques: Tongan Barkcloth 1124
■ art and society: Tattoo in Polynesia 1125
Map 37-1 Oceania 1114
THE BIG PICTURE 1129
Contents xix
38 Africa, 1800 to 1980 1131
FRAMING THE ERA Honoring Leaders and
Ancestors 1131
Timeline 1132
Africa, 1800 to 1980 1132
Ancestors and Spirits 1133
Leadership and Royalty 1136
Rituals and Masquerades 1141
Costume and Body Art 1146
Contemporary Art 1148
■ art and society: African Artists and Apprentices 1137
■ art and society: Gender Roles in African Art
Production 1141
■ art and society: African Masquerades 1143
■ art and society: Mende Women as Maskers 1146
Map 38-1 Africa in the early 21st century 1132
THE BIG PICTURE 1149
Notes 1150
Glossary 1154
Bibliography 1177
Credits 1202
Index 1211

Additional information

book-author

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Gardner’s Art Through the Ages: A Global History 16th Edition PDF – eBook”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *