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Adolescence 17th Edition – PDF – eBook

Author: John Santrock
SKU: 1260058786

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  • Authors: John Santrock (Author)
  • File Size: 105 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 609 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill; 17th edition (October 18, 2018)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1260058786
  • ISBN-13: 978-1260058789

Download Adolescence 17th Edition – PDF – eBook

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Description

  • Authors: John Santrock (Author)
  • File Size: 105 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 609 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill; 17th edition (October 18, 2018)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1260058786
  • ISBN-13: 978-1260058789

Download Adolescence 17th Edition – PDF – eBook

contents
The Historical Perspective 3
Early History 3
The Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries 3
Stereotyping of Adolescents 6
A Positive View of Adolescence 6
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS Wanting
to Be Treated as an Asset 8
Today’s Adolescents in the United States and
Around the World 8
Adolescents in the United States 9
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Gustavo
Medrano, Clinical Psychologist 10
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS Doly
Akter, Improving the Lives of Adolescent Girls
in the Slums of Bangladesh 11
The Global Perspective 12
The Nature of Development 14
Processes and Periods 14
Developmental Transitions 16
CONNECTING WITH EMERGING ADULTS
Chris Barnard 18
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Do Health and Well-Being Change in
Emerging Adulthood? 19
Developmental Issues 21
The Science of Adolescent Development 24
Science and the Scientific Method 24
Theories of Adolescent Development 25
Research in Adolescent Development 30
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Pam Reid,
Educational and Developmental
Psychologist 37
APPENDIX CAREERS IN
ADOLESCENT AND
EMERGING ADULT
DEVELOPMENT 43
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
contents
Puberty 47
Determinants of Puberty 48
Growth Spurt 52
Sexual Maturation 52
Secular Trends in Puberty 54
Psychological Dimensions of Puberty 54
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS
Attractive Blonde Females and Tall
Muscular Males 55
Are Puberty’s Effects Exaggerated? 57
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Strategies for Effectively Guiding Adolescents
Through Puberty 58
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Anne
Petersen, Researcher and Administrator 58
Health 59
Adolescence: A Critical Juncture in Health 59
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Bonnie
Halpern-Felsher, University Professor in
Pediatrics, Director of Community Efforts to
Improve Adolescents’ Health, and Mentor for
Underrepresented Adolescents 61
Emerging Adults’ Health 63
Nutrition 63
Exercise and Sports 64
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS In Pitiful
Shape 65
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Effective College Student Strategies for
Exercising 68
Sleep 69
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Effective College Student Strategies for
Improving Sleep 71
Evolution, Heredity, and Environment 71
The Evolutionary Perspective 72
The Genetic Process 73
Heredity-Environment Interaction 75
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS AND
EMERGING ADULTS Am I an “I” or “We”? 76
CHAPTER 2 PUBERTY, HEALTH, AND BIOLOGICAL
FOUNDATIONS 46
©bowdenimages/Getty Images
Contents v
The Brain 84
The Neuroconstructivist View 85
Neurons 85
Brain Structure, Cognition, and Emotion 86
Experience and Plasticity 88
The Cognitive Developmental View 89
Piaget’s Theory 89
Vygotsky’s Theory 96
The Information-Processing View 97
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS We
Think More Than Adults Think We Do 98
Cognitive Resources 98
Attention and Memory 99
Executive Function 101
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Guiding Adolescents to Engage in Better
Decision Making 105
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Laura Bickford,
Secondary School Teacher 107
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS Rochelle
Ballantyne, Chess Star 110
The Psychometric/Intelligence View 112
Intelligence Tests 112
Multiple Intelligences 114
The Neuroscience of Intelligence 116
Heredity and Environment 117
Social Cognition 119
Adolescent Egocentrism 119
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS
Are Social Media an Amplification
Tool for Adolescent Egocentrism? 120
Social Cognition in the Remainder of
This Book  121
CHAPTER 3 THE BRAIN AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 83
The Self 127
Self-Understanding and Understanding
Others 128
Self-Esteem and Self-Concept 132
Self-Regulation 136
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
How Can Adolescents’
Self-Esteem Be Increased? 137
Identity 138
Erikson’s Ideas on Identity 138
The Four Statuses of Identity 140
Developmental Changes in Identity 142
Identity and Social Contexts 143
Identity and Intimacy 147
Emotional Development 148
The Emotions of Adolescence 148
Hormones, Experience, and Emotions 149
Emotion Regulation 149
Emotional Competence 150
Social-Emotional Education Programs 151
Personality Development 151
Personality 152
Temperament 154
CHAPTER 4 THE SELF, IDENTITY, EMOTION, AND PERSONALITY 126
Biological, Social, and Cognitive Influences on
Gender 163
Biological Influences on Gender 163
Social Influences on Gender 164
Cognitive Influences on Gender 168
Gender Stereotypes, Similarities, and
Differences 169
Gender Stereotyping 169
Gender Similarities and Differences 170
Gender Controversy 174
Gender in Context 174
Gender-Role Classification 175
Masculinity, Femininity, and Androgyny 176
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Cynthia de las
Fuentes, College Professor and Counseling
Psychologist 177
Transgender 179
Developmental Changes and Junctures 180
Early Adolescence and Gender Intensification 180
Is Early Adolescence a Critical Juncture for
Females? 181
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
How Can We Best Guide Adolescents’ Gender
Development? 182
CHAPTER 5 GENDER 161
vi Contents
Exploring Adolescent Sexuality 188
A Normal Aspect of Adolescent
Development 188
The Sexual Culture 189
Developing a Sexual Identity 190
Obtaining Research Information About
Adolescent Sexuality 191
Sexual Attitudes and Behavior 191
Heterosexual Attitudes and Behavior 191
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS
Struggling with a Sexual Decision 193
CONNECTING WITH EMERGING ADULTS
Christine’s Thoughts About Sexual
Relationships 197
Sexual Minority Youths’ Attitudes and
Behavior 198
Self-Stimulation 201
Contraceptive Use 202
Problematic Sexual Outcomes in Adolescence 203
Adolescent Pregnancy 203
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS
Sixteen-Year-Old Alberto: Wanting a Different
Kind of Life 206
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Lynn
Blankinship, Family and Consumer Science
Educator 208
Sexually Transmitted Infections 209
Forcible Sexual Behavior and Sexual
Harassment 213
Sexual Literacy and Sex Education 217
Sexual Literacy 217
Sources of Sex Information 218
Cognitive Factors 218
Sex Education in Schools 218
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
What Is the Most Effective Sex Education? 220
CHAPTER 6 SEXUALITY 186
What Moral Development Is and the Domains of
Moral Development 226
What Is Moral Development? 227
Moral Thought 227
Moral Behavior 231
Moral Feeling 234
Moral Personality 235
Social Domain Theory 237
Contexts of Moral Development 239
Parenting 239
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
How Can We Raise Moral Children and
Adolescents? 240
Schools 240
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS Finding
a Way to Get a Playground 242
Values, Religion, and Spirituality 244
Values 244
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS
Nina Vasan, Superstar Volunteer and
Author 245
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Constance
Flanagan, Professor of Youth Civic
Development 245
Religion and Spirituality 246
CHAPTER 7 MORAL DEVELOPMENT, VALUES, AND RELIGION 225
Family Processes 255
Reciprocal Socialization and the Family as a
System 255
Maturation 256
Adolescents’ and Emerging Adults’ Relationships
with Their Parents 259
Parents as Managers 259
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS Needing
Parents as Guides 260
Parenting Styles 261
Mothers, Fathers, and
Coparenting 263
Parent-Adolescent Conflict 264
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Martha Chan,
Marriage and Family Therapist 265
Autonomy and Attachment 266
Emerging Adults’ Relationships with Their
Parents 271
CHAPTER 8 FAMILIES 253
Contents vii
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Can Emerging Adults and Their Parents
Coexist? 273
Grandparents and Grandchildren 273
Intergenerational Relationships 274
Sibling Relationships 276
Sibling Roles 276
Birth Order 277
The Changing Family in a Changing Society 278
Working Parents 278
Divorced Families 279
CONNECTING WITH EMERGING ADULTS
A College Student Reflects on Growing Up
in a Divorced Family 281
Stepfamilies 283
Adoption 285
Gay and Lesbian Parents 286
Culture and Ethnicity 286
Social Policy, Adolescents, and Families 289
Exploring Peer Relations and Friendship 295
Peer Relations 296
Friendship 303
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
What Are Effective and Ineffective Strategies
for Making Friends? 306
Loneliness 306
Adolescent Groups 307
Groups in Childhood and Adolescence 307
Cliques and Crowds 308
Youth Organizations 308
Gender and Culture 310
Gender 310
Socioeconomic Status and Ethnicity 311
Culture 311
Dating and Romantic Relationships 312
Functions of Dating 313
Types of Dating and Developmental Changes 313
Emotion, Adjustment, and Romantic
Relationships 315
Romantic Love and Its Construction 317
CONNECTING WITH EMERGING ADULTS
Is Online Dating a Good Idea? 319
Gender and Culture 320
Emerging Adult Lifestyles 323
Single Adults 323
Cohabiting Adults 324
Married Adults 325
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Susan
Orenstein, Couples Counselor 327
Divorced Adults 327
Gay and Lesbian Adults 329
CHAPTER 9 PEERS, ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS, AND
LIFESTYLES 294
Approaches to Educating Students 336
Contemporary Approaches to Student Learning 336
Accountability 337
Technology and Education 338
Transitions in Schooling 340
Transition to Middle or Junior High School 340
Improving Middle Schools 340
The American High School 341
High School Dropouts 342
Transition from High School to College 343
Transition from College to Work 344
The Social Contexts of Schools 345
Changing Social Developmental Contexts 345
Classroom Climate and Management 345
Person-Environment Fit 346
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS “You Are
the Coolest” 347
Teachers, Parents, Peers, and Extracurricular
Activities 347
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Bullying Prevention/Intervention 351
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS Forensics
Teacher Tommie Lindsey’s Students 352
Culture 352
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Ahou Vaziri,
Teach for America Instructor 354
Adolescents Who Are Exceptional 358
Who Are Adolescents with
Disabilities? 359
Learning Disabilities 359
CHAPTER 10 SCHOOLS 334
viii Contents
Achievement 372
The Importance of Achievement in
Adolescence 372
Achievement Processes 372
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Jaime
Escalante, Secondary School Math
Teacher 378
CONNECTING WITH EMERGING ADULTS
Hari Prabhakar, Student on a Path to
Purpose 381
Social Motives, Relationships, and
Contexts 381
Some Motivational Obstacles to Achievement 386
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
Can You Tackle
Procrastination? 387
Work 390
Work in Adolescence 390
Working During College 391
Work/Career-Based Learning 392
Work in Emerging Adulthood 393
Career Development 394
Developmental Changes 394
Cognitive Factors 395
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Grace Leaf,
College/Career Counselor and College
Administrator 396
Identity Development 396
Social Contexts 396
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Armando
Ronquillo, High School Counselor/College
Advisor 398
CHAPTER 11 ACHIEVEMENT, WORK, AND CAREERS 370
Culture, Adolescence, and Emerging
Adulthood 405
The Relevance of Culture for the Study of
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood 405
Cross-Cultural Comparisons 405
Rites of Passage 408
Socioeconomic Status and Poverty 410
What Is Socioeconomic Status? 410
Socioeconomic Variations in Families,
Neighborhoods, and Schools 411
Poverty 412
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
How Do the Eisenhower Quantum
Opportunities and El Puente Programs Help
Youth in Poverty? 415
Ethnicity 416
Immigration 416
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Carola SuárezOrozco, Immigration Studies Researcher and
Professor 418
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood:
A Special Juncture for Ethnic Minority
Individuals 418
Ethnicity Issues 419
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS Seeking
a Positive Image for African American
Youth 420
Media/Screen Time and Technology 423
Media/Screen Time 423
Television 425
The Media and Music 427
Technology and Digitally Mediated
Communication 427
Social Policy and the Media 430
CHAPTER 12 CULTURE 403
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Disorder 359
Autism Spectrum Disorders 362
Educational Issues Involving Adolescents with
Disabilities 363
Adolescents Who Are Gifted 363
Contents ix
Exploring Adolescent and Emerging Adult
Problems 435
The Biopsychosocial Approach 436
The Developmental Psychopathology Approach 437
Characteristics of Adolescent and Emerging Adult
Problems 439
Stress and Coping 440
CONNECTING WITH ADOLESCENTS
All Stressed Out 441
Resilience 444
CONNECTING WITH HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
What Coping Strategies Work for Adolescents
and Emerging Adults? 445
Problems and Disorders 446
Drug Use 446
Juvenile Delinquency 454
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Rodney
Hammond, Health Psychologist 458
Depression and Suicide 459
Eating Disorders 463
Interrelation of Problems and Prevention/
Intervention 468
Adolescents with Multiple Problems 468
Prevention and Intervention 469
Glossary G-1
References R-1
Name Index NI-1
Subject Index SI-1

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