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A Topical Approach to Lifespan Development 10th Edition – PDF – eBook

Author: John Santrock
SKU: 1260060926

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  • Authors: John Santrock (Author)
  • File Size: 137 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 803 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill; 10th edition (September 3, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1260060926
  • ISBN-13: 978-1260060928

Download A Topical Approach to Lifespan Development 10th Edition – PDF – eBook

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Description

  • Authors: John Santrock (Author)
  • File Size: 137 MB
  • Format: PDF
  • Paperback: 803 pages
  • Publisher: McGraw Hill; 10th edition (September 3, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1260060926
  • ISBN-13: 978-1260060928

Download A Topical Approach to Lifespan Development 10th Edition – PDF – eBook

Contents
About the Author xi
Expert Consultants xii
Preface xviii

CHAPTER 1
Introduction 2
The Life-Span Perspective 3
The Importance of Studying Life-Span
Development 3
Characteristics of the Life-Span Perspective 3
Some Contemporary Concerns 7
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Gustavo
Medrano, Clinical Psychologist 7
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Improving Family Policy 11
The Nature of Development 12
Biological, Cognitive, and Socioemotional
Processes 12
Periods of Development 13
The Significance of Age 15
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH Is There a
Best Time of Day to Conduct Research? 16
Developmental Issues 18
Theories of Development 20
Psychoanalytic Theories 20
Cognitive Theories 22
CHAPTER 2
Biological Beginnings 46
The Evolutionary Perspective 47
Natural Selection and Adaptive Behavior 47
Evolutionary Psychology 47
Genetic Foundations of Development 50
The Collaborative Gene 50
Genes and Chromosomes 52
Genetic Principles 54
Chromosomal and Gene-Linked Abnormalities 55
Behavioral and Social Cognitive Theories 24
Ethological Theory 25
Ecological Theory 26
An Eclectic Theoretical Orientation 27
Research on Life-Span Development 28
Methods for Collecting Data 28
Research Designs 31
Time Span of Research 33
Conducting Ethical Research 35
Minimizing Bias 35
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Pam Reid,
Educational and Development
Psychologist 36
Reach Your Learning Goals 37
APPENDIX
Careers in Life-Span
Development 41
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Jennifer
Leonhard, Genetic Counselor 57
Heredity and Environment Interaction: The
Nature-Nurture Debate 58
Behavior Genetics 58
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE Am I
an “I” or “We”? 59
Heredity-Environment Correlations 59
The Epigenetic View and Gene × Environment
(G × E) Interaction 60
SECTION 1 THE LIFE-SPAN PERSPECTIVE 1
SECTION 2 BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES, PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT,
AND HEALTH 45
Contents v
Conclusions About Heredity-Environment
Interaction 61
Prenatal Development 62
The Course of Prenatal Development 62
Prenatal Diagnostic Tests 66
Hazards to Prenatal Development 67
Prenatal Care 73
Birth and the Postpartum Period 74
The Birth Process 75
The Transition from Fetus to Newborn 77
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Linda Pugh,
Perinatal Nurse 78
Low Birth Weight and Preterm Infants 79
Bonding 80
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH How Are
Preterm Infants Affected by Touch? 81
The Postpartum Period 82
Reach Your Learning Goals 84
CHAPTER 3
Physical Development and
Biological Aging 87
Body Growth and Change 88
Patterns of Growth 88
Height and Weight in Infancy and Childhood 89
Puberty 90
Early Adulthood 94
Middle Adulthood 94
Late Adulthood 96
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Sarah Kagan,
Geriatric Nurse 97
The Brain 98
The Neuroconstructivist View 98
Brain Physiology 98
Infancy 100
Childhood 103
Adolescence 104
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO
LIFE Strategies for Helping Adolescents
Reduce Their Risk-Taking Behavior 105
Adulthood and Aging 106
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH The Nun
Study 108
Sleep 110
Why Do We Sleep? 110
Infancy 110
Childhood 112
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood 113
Adulthood and Aging 115
Longevity and Biological Aging 116
Life Expectancy and Life Span 116
Centenarians 117
Biological Theories of Aging 120
Reach Your Learning Goals 123
CHAPTER 4
Health 126
Health, Illness, and Disease 127
Children’s Health 127
Adolescents’ Health 128
Emerging and Young Adults’ Health 129
Health and Aging 130
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH
How Stressful Is Caring for an Alzheimer
Patient at Home? 134
Nutrition and Eating Behavior 136
Infancy 137
Childhood 138
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Dr. Faize
Mustafa-Infante, Pediatrician 139
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO
LIFE Helping Overweight Children Lose
Weight 140
Adolescence 141
Adult Development and Aging 143
Exercise 145
Childhood and Adolescence 145
Adulthood 148
Aging and Longevity 148
Substance Use 150
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood 150
Substance Use in Older Adults 154
Reach Your Learning Goals 155
CHAPTER 5
Motor, Sensory, and
Perceptual Development 157
Motor Development 158
The Dynamic Systems View 158
Reflexes 159
Gross Motor Skills 160
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO
LIFE Parents, Coaches, and Children’s
Sports 165
Fine Motor Skills 166
Sensory and Perceptual Development 168
What are Sensation and Perception? 168
The Ecological View 169
Visual Perception 169
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH How Do Scientists Study the Newborns
Perception? 170
Hearing 176
Other Senses 178
Intermodal Perception 180
Nature/Nurture and Perceptual Development 180
Perceptual-Motor Coupling 181
Reach Your Learning Goals 183
vi Contents
CHAPTER 6
Cognitive Developmental
Approaches 186
Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development 187
Processes of Development 187
Sensorimotor Stage 188
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH How Do
Researchers Study Infants’ Understanding of
Object Permanence and Causality? 191
Preoperational Stage 194
Concrete Operational Stage 197
Formal Operational Stage 197
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE Are
Social Media an Amplification Tool for
Adolescent Egocentrism? 199
Applying and Evaluating Piaget’s
Theory 200
Piaget and Education 200
Evaluating Piaget’s Theory 201
Vygotsky’s Theory of Cognitive
Development 203
The Zone of Proximal Development 203
Scaffolding 203
Language and Thought 204
Teaching Strategies 204
Evaluating Vygotsky’s Theory 206
Cognitive Changes in Adulthood 207
Piaget’s View 207
Realistic and Pragmatic Thinking 207
Reflective and Relativistic Thinking 208
Cognition and Emotion 208
Is There a Fifth, Postformal Stage? 208
Are There Cognitive Stages in Middle and Late
Adulthood? 209
Reach Your Learning Goals 210
CHAPTER 7
Information Processing 213
The Information-Processing Approach 214
The Information-Processing Approach and Its
Application to Development 214
Speed of Processing Information 216
Attention 217
What is Attention? 218
Infancy 218
Childhood and Adolescence 220
Adulthood 221
Memory 222
What is Memory? 222
Infancy 223
Childhood 224
Adulthood 228
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH How Well
Do Adults Remember What They Learned in
High School and College Spanish? 230
Thinking 231
What is Thinking? 231
Infancy and Childhood 231
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Helen Hadani,
Ph.D., Developmental Psychologist, Toy
Designer, and Associate Director of Research
for the Center for Childhood Creativity 237
Adolescence 238
Adulthood 239
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE The
Remarkable Helen Small 243
Metacognition 245
What is Metacognition? 245
Theory of Mind 246
Metacognition in Adolescence and Adulthood 249
Reach Your Learning Goals 250
CHAPTER 8
Intelligence 254
The Concept of Intelligence 255
What is Intelligence? 255
Intelligence Tests 255
Theories of Multiple Intelligences 257
The Neuroscience of Intelligence 260
Controversies and Group Comparisons 261
The Influence of Heredity and Environment 261
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH Can Early
Intervention in the Lives of Children Growing
Up in Impoverished Circumstances Improve
Their Intelligence? 263
Group Comparisons and Issues 264
The Development of Intelligence 265
Tests of Infant Intelligence 265
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Toosje
Thyssen Van Beveren, Infant Assessment
Specialist 266
Stability and Change in Intelligence Through
Adolescence 267
Intelligence in Adulthood 267
The Extremes of Intelligence and Creativity 272
Intellectual Disability 272
Giftedness 273
Creativity 275
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE Living
a More Creative Life 278
Reach Your Learning Goals 279
SECTION 3 COGNITIVE PROCESSES AND DEVELOPMENT 185
Contents vii
CHAPTER 9
Language Development 283
What Is Language? 284
Defining Language 284
Language’s Rule Systems 284
How Language Develops 286
Infancy 287
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Sharla Peltier,
Speech Therapist 290
Early Childhood 290
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH What
Characteristics of a Family Affect a Child’s
Language Development? 292
Middle and Late Childhood 294
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Salvador
Tamayo, Teacher of English Language
Learners 298
Adolescence 298
Adulthood and Aging 299
Biological and Environmental Influences 300
Biological Influences 300
Environmental Influences 301
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE How
Parents Can Facilitate Infants’ and Toddlers’
Language Development 304
An Interactionist View of Language 304
Reach Your Learning Goals 305
CHAPTER 10
Emotional Development and
Attachment 309
Exploring Emotion 310
What Are Emotions? 310
Emotion Regulation 311
Emotional Competence 312
Development of Emotion 313
Infancy 313
Early Childhood 316
Middle and Late Childhood 317
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Melissa
Jackson, Child Psychiatrist 319
Adolescence 319
Adult Development and Aging 320
Temperament 322
Describing and Classifying Temperament 322
Biological Foundations and Experience 324
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO
LIFE Parenting and the Child’s
Temperament 327
Goodness of Fit and Parenting 327
Attachment and Love 328
Infancy and Childhood 328
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Wanda
Mitchell, Child-Care Director 338
Adolescence 340
Adulthood 342
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH Does the
Breakup of a Romantic Relationship Present
an Opportunity for Personal Growth? 348
Reach Your Learning Goals 349
CHAPTER 11
The Self, Identity, and
Personality 353
The Self 354
Self-Understanding and Understanding
Others 354
Self-Esteem and Self-Concept 360
Self-Regulation 363
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO
LIFE Strategies for Effectively Engaging
in Selective Optimization with
Compensation 367
Identity 368
What is Identity? 368
Erikson’s View 369
Some Contemporary Thoughts on
Identity 369
Developmental Changes 370
Identity and Social Contexts 372
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Armando
Ronquillo, High School Counselor 374
Personality 374
Trait Theories and the Big Five Factors of
Personality 375
Views on Adult Personality
Development 377
Generativity 379
Stability and Change 380
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH
Are Personality Traits Related to
Longevity? 381
Reach Your Learning Goals 384
SECTION 4 SOCIOEMOTIONAL PROCESSES AND
DEVELOPMENT 308
kali9/Getty Images
viii Contents
CHAPTER 12
Gender and Sexuality 387
Biological, Social, and Cognitive Influences
on Gender 388
Biological Influences 388
Social Influences 390
Cognitive Influences 393
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH What Are
Young Children’s Gender Schemas About
Occupations? 394
Gender Stereotypes, Similarities, Differences, and
Classification 395
Gender Stereotyping 395
Gender Similarities and Differences 396
Gender-Role Classification 399
Going Beyond Gender as Binary 400
Gender Development Through the Life Span 401
Childhood 401
Adolescence 402
Adulthood and Aging 402
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Cynthia de las
Fuentes, College Professor and Counseling
Psychologist 404
Exploring Sexuality 405
Biological and Cultural Factors 406
Sexual Orientation 406
Sexually Transmitted Infections 408
Forcible Sexual Behavior and Sexual
Harassment 410
Sexuality Through the Life Span 413
Childhood 413
Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood 413
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Lynn
Blankinship, Family and Consumer Science
Educator 419
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Reducing Adolescent Pregnancy 420
Adult Development and Aging 421
Reach Your Learning Goals 425
CHAPTER 13
Moral Development, Values,
and Religion 428
Domains of Moral Development 429
What Is Moral Development? 429
Moral Thought 429
Moral Behavior 433
Moral Feeling 434
Moral Personality 437
Social Domain Theory 438
Contexts of Moral Development 440
Parenting 440
Schools 441
Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior 444
Prosocial Behavior 444
Antisocial Behavior 448
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS
Rodney Hammond, Health
Psychologist 449
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH Does
Intervention Reduce Juvenile
Delinquency? 451
Values, Religion, Spirituality, and Meaning
in Life 452
Values 452
Religion and Spirituality 453
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Gabriel
Dy-Liacco, Professor and Pastoral
Counselor 457
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Religion and Coping 458
Meaning in Life 459
Reach Your Learning Goals 460
CHAPTER 14
Families, Lifestyles, and
Parenting 464
Family Processes 465
Reciprocal Socialization 465
Family as a System 466
Sociocultural and Historical
Influences 467
The Diversity of Adult Lifestyles 468
Single Adults 468
Cohabiting Adults 469
Married Adults 471
Divorced Adults 476
Remarried Adults 478
Gay and Lesbian Adults 479
Parenting 480
Parental Roles 480
SECTION 5 SOCIAL CONTEXTS OF DEVELOPMENT 463
ImageDJ/age fotostock
Contents ix
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Janis Keyser,
Parent Educator 483
Parenting Styles and Discipline 483
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH
Are Marital Conflict, Individual Hostility,
and the Use of Physical Punishment
Linked? 487
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Darla Botkin,
Marriage and Family Therapist 488
Parent–Adolescent and Parent–Emerging Adult
Relationships 490
Working Parents 493
Children in Divorced Families 494
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Communicating with Children About
Divorce 496
Stepfamilies 496
Gay and Lesbian Parents 497
Adoptive Parents and Adopted
Children 498
Other Family Relationships 500
Sibling Relationships and Birth
Order 500
Grandparenting and Great-Grandparenting 502
Intergenerational Relationships 503
Reach Your Learning Goals 506
CHAPTER 15
Peers and the Sociocultural
World 509
Peer Relations in Childhood and
Adolescence 510
Exploring Peer Relations 510
Peer Statuses 513
Bullying 514
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH How Are
Perspective Taking and Moral Motivation
Linked to Bullying? 515
Gender and Peer Relations 516
Adolescent Peer Relations 516
Friendship 518
Functions of Friendship 518
Friendship During Childhood 518
Friendship During Adolescence and Emerging
Adulthood 519
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO LIFE
Effective and Ineffective Strategies for Making
Friends 519
Adult Friendship 520
Play and Leisure 522
Childhood 522
Adolescence 524
Adulthood 526
Aging and the Social World 527
Social Theories of Aging 527
Stereotyping of Older Adults 527
Social Support and Social Integration 528
Successful Aging 528
Sociocultural Influences 530
Culture 530
Socioeconomic Status and Poverty 537
Ethnicity 540
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Norma
Thomas, Social Work Professor and
Administrator 543
Reach Your Learning Goals 544
CHAPTER 16
Schools, Achievement, and
Work 547
Schools 548
Contemporary Approaches to Student Learning
and Assessment 548
Schools and Developmental Status 550
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Yolanda
Garcia, Director of Children’s Services,
Head Start 552
Educating Children with Disabilities 557
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Carissa
Barnes, Special Education Teacher 561
Socioeconomic Status and Ethnicity
in Schools 562
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Ahou Vaziri,
Teach for America Instructor 563
Achievement 564
Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation 564
Mastery Motivation and Mindset 565
Self-Efficacy 567
Goal Setting, Planning, and Self-Monitoring 567
Grit 568
Expectations 568
Ethnicity and Culture 569
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH Parenting
and Children’s Achievement: My Child Is My
Report Card, Tiger Moms, and Tiger Babies
Strike Back 571
Careers, Work, and Retirement 572
Career Development 572
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Grace Leaf,
College/Career Counselor and College
Administrator 573
Work 573
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO
LIFE Working During College 575
Retirement 578
Reach Your Learning Goals 580
x Contents
CHAPTER 17
Death, Dying, and
Grieving 585
The Death System and Cultural Contexts 586
The Death System and Its Cultural Variations 586
Changing Historical Circumstances 588
Defining Death and Life/Death Issues 588
Issues in Determining Death 588
Decisions Regarding Life, Death, and Health
Care 589
CONNECTING WITH CAREERS Kathy
McLaughlin, Home Hospice Nurse 591
A Developmental Perspective on Death 592
Causes of Death 592
Attitudes Toward Death at Different Points in the
Life Span 592
Suicide 594
Facing One’s Own Death 597
Kübler-Ross’ Stages of Dying 597
Perceived Control and Denial 598
The Contexts in Which People Die 599
Coping with the Death of Someone
Else 599
Communicating with a Dying Person 599
CONNECTING DEVELOPMENT TO
LIFE Communicating with a Dying
Person 600
Grieving 600
Making Sense of the World 602
Losing a Life Partner 603
CONNECTING WITH RESEARCH How Is
Widowhood Related to Women’s Physical
and Mental Health? 604
Forms of Mourning 605
Reach Your Learning Goals 607
McGraw-Hill APA
Documentation Style Guide
Glossary G-1
References R-1
Name Index N-1
Subject Index S-1

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